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Flashcards in UK GOVERNMENT 1 Deck (28)
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1

Nature of uncodified constitution?(6)

-no one single document
-flexible
-unentrenched (no diff than statute laws)
-non-judicable
-unitary
-evolutionary

2

Nature of codified constitution?(6)

-single legal document
-rigid
-entrenched ('higher law')
-judiciable
-federal
-revolutionary

3

What documents signify importance in UK's democratic history?(4)

-magna carta
-bill of rights
-parliament act
-act of settlement

4

What are the 5 sources of the UK's constitution?

-Statute law
-Works of authority
-common law/case law (judge decisions)
-conventions
-EU treaties/law

5

What are 5 reforms that enhanced democracy?

-House of Lords (1999), herniary peers
-Electoral Reform, PR in all devolved bodies
-Recall (2015), recalled for by-election
-House of Commons 'Wright Reforms' redistributed power to backbenchers
-EVEL, greater input

6

Reforms that enhanced rights?(2)

-Human Rights Act (1998), ECHR- UK courts
-Freedom of information act (2000) public access

7

Reforms to decentralise power? (4)

-Devolution
-Exciting EU
-Elected mayors
-Police/crime commissioners

8

Reforms to modernise the system?(2)

-Fixed term parliament act (2011)
-Constitutional reform act (2005) establish supreme court

9

Scottish parliament and government
-1998 (2)
-2012 (2)
-2016 (5)


-primary powers/income varying powers
-tax varying power/devolved additional taxes
-transport/energy/social security/set income tax/national VAT

10

Welsh assembly and government
-1998
-2006 (2)
-2011 (2)
-2014 (2)
-2017 (2)


-secondary legislative powers
-referendum/primary legislative powers
-direct law making for health/education
-minor tax power/income tax varying
-further transport and energy/income tax varying

11

Northern Ireland assembly and executive
-1998
-2006
-2010 (2)
-2015


-legislate in transferred matters
-renewed devolution
-policing and criminal justice
- set corporation tax

12

Devolution a success?(5)

-not lead to break up of UK
-very popular, no main parties want it to be overturned
-welsh interest increased demand for more
-peaceful in NI for 20 years
-elected mayors have greater regional identity

13

Devolution not a success? (5)

-Scottish demand for independence increased
-interest is low, turnout
-left west Lothian question unanswered
-England short changed
-different polices were necessary for each

14

Arguments for a codified constitution? (4)

-entrenched ,safeguarding them
-individual liberty securely protected
-executive constrained
-independent judges protect

15

Arguments against a codified constitution?(4)

-less responsive/adaptable
-US had entrenched bill of rights no help
-gov power more effectively constrained by regular elections rather than this
-judges, unelected/socially unrepresentative

16

Arguments for greater devolution in the UK?(5)

-answer west Lothian question (EVEL doesn't)
-more federal
-stronger regional identity, make decisions locally
-largest with no devolution
-currently receives less money per person

17

Arguments against greater devolution in the UK?(5)

-complicate relationship
-more asymmetric devolution
little public support
-UK would dominate federal assembly
-EVEL has answered west Lothian question
-people don't have strong regional identities or care

18

What are 5 possible reforms for the House of Commons?

-PM questions increase regularity
-enforcement powers
-remove membership whips
-change electoral system
-increase research support

19

House of Lords should be reformed?(6)

-legitimacy
-selection benefit governing party
-more effective check on executive
-create balance from commons
-inject a more 'professional' element
-reduce size inc effectivity

20

No House of Lords Reform? (5)

-challenge authority of commons
-eliminate experts currently in
-formation closely mirrors popular vote
-current chamber works well
-useful check of executive dominated commons

21

Is parliament effective at legislating,
(3 for 3 against)?

FOR
-May's deal rejected- back to commons
-May has 'working majority', need all happy
-gov doesn't always get its way e.g. 2015 Cameron rules surrounding EU referendum

AGAINST
-gov majority control
-coalition only defeated twice on legislation
-backbenchers vote for career prospects

22

Parliament effective debating? (3)

FOR
-'Wright' recommendations MP'S have more control over agenda
-PM's reluctant to initiate military action without parliament
AGAINST
-limited time for genuine debate

23

What are the 3 ways MP's represent?

-Burkean idea (MP's decide what they thinks best for constituents)
-Delegate model 'mouthpiece'
-Doctrine of the mandate (MP's represent party, elected with mandate for manifesto)

24

How effective is MP representation? (2 for 2 against)

FOR
-social media increases pressure
-free votes on issues MP's can listen to constituents/conscience

AGAINST
-focus on parties ppl vote for party
-coalition parties supported policies not voted for by constituents

25

Powers of House of Lords? (8)

-delay legislation for 1 year
-amend legislation with commons approval
-more independent less loyalty to parties
-can on occasion provide ministers
-no financial matters
-no power to dismiss a gov
-not represent constituents
-lacks democratic authority

26

Powers of Commons? (

-veto legislation
-amend legislation
-reject legislation/manifesto pledges
-approves government budget
-dismiss gov under extreme conditions
-limited power to legitimise (parties)
-represent constituents interests
-legitimise laws and gov
-ministers selected from commons

27

Lords more effective than commons 4 features?

-party discipline
-scrutiny
-legislation
-expertise

28

Commons more effective than lords 7 features?

-parliament acts
-Salisbury convention
-legitimacy, lords unelected
-liaison committee
-committees
-scrutiny
-media