Treaty Of Versailles and Fascism in Italy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Treaty Of Versailles and Fascism in Italy Deck (13)
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1

Allies met in Paris. Faced these problems

Millions died
Refugees
Unemployment
Food in short supply
Fear of communism

2

Main points

100,000 army
No conscription for Germany
Navy reduced
No army in Rhineland
German colonies seized by allies
Anschluss (Austria not allowed join with Germany)
Germany had to pay reparation
League of Nations est

3

What was Fascism

Racism
Hostility towards democracy
One leader
Violence to gain power
Opposition of communism and socialism
Extreme nationalism

4

Mussolini est

Italian Fighting League

4

Support grows for Mussolini

His criticism of treaty
Weak coalition gov
He promised to end political chaos
Defense against communist rev,

5

Squadristi

Blackshirts
Para-military terrorised opposition
Fought street battles

6

Changed name to

National Fascist Party

7

The March on Rome

1922
Mussolini would march on Rome if not appointed PM
The king appointed him
To avoid civil war

8

Acerbo Law

1923
Whichever party got most votes in general election got 2/3 of seats in Parliament.
National Fascist Party won.

9

Giacomo Matteotti

Killed after 1923 election
Leading socialist
People believed M involved

10

1926

All other parties banned
Asserted dictatorship

11

Ovra established

Secret police
Arrested thousands of political opponents.

12

Il Duce

The Leader
M nickname