What is the dilution dose for corrosive ingestion?
1-3 ml/lb milk or water
When is induced emesis contraindicated?
In horses, ruminants, rodents, rabbits, and birds
Depressed or comatose patients
or patients that have already vomitted
Also if they have ingested any hydrocarbons
What is the dose hydrogen peroxide may be given to induce vomitting?
1 teaspoon per 5 lbs
What are some examples of emetic agents?
Syrup of Ipecac
Apomorphine hydrochloride (injectable only)
How does activated charcoal work?
What indicates the use of activated charcoal?
What contraindicates activated charcoal?
What are cathartics?
Increase the clearing of intestinal content
Enhance the elimination of activated charcoal absorbed toxicant
When are cathartics contraindicated?
In patients that with diarrhea or dehydration
What are some common sources of household acids?
Toilet bowl cleaners, drain openers, metal cleaners, antirust compounds, gun cleaners, battery fluids, sanitizers
What are some sources of household alkalines?
Drain openers, oven cleaner, bleaches, denture cleaners, cement
What pH can cause esophogeal ulcers?
What pH can cause esophogeal perforation?
What are some signs of essential oil ingestion?
GI and mucous membrane irritation, CNS depression, skin irritation
What are some severe signs of cationic detergent ingestion?
Redness of skin, tissue swelling, intense pain, ulceration
Tissue necrosis and inflammation of the mouth, stomach and esophagus
What are the first signs of nicotine ingestion? (Usually can be seen within 15 - 45 mins)
Excitation, tachypnea, salivation, emesis, and diarrhea
After the initial signs of nicotine ingestion what symptoms can be seen?
Muscle weakness, twitching, depression, shallow respiration, collapse, coma and cardiac arrest
Napthalene, an active ingredient in mothballs can cause what?
Heinz bodies and hemolysis
Paradichlorobenzene, an active ingredient in mothballs affect what?
Affect liver and CNS
Tremorgenic mycotoxins are found on what?
What plant species can cause cardiovascular dysfunction?
When are clinical signs of Rhododendron sp. ingestion seen?
4-12 hours after ingestion
Cardiac glycoside containing plants:
Lilly-of-the-valley, Foxglove, oleander
Ingestion of one or more seeds has resulted in liver failure and death in dogs
Toxin found in Cycad/Sago Palms
What is the toxic portion of Castor beans?
Calcium Oxalate containing plants
Calla lily, elephant ear, dumb cane, pathos, mother-in-law's tongue
Highly toxic insecticide found in fly bait
Most obvious sign of fly bait ingestion
Toxin found in slug and snail bait