Flashcards in Thinkers conservative Deck (18)
1) an ordered society should balance the human need to lead a free life
2) humans are needy vulnerable and easily lead astray in attempts to understand the world
Total obedience for ...
Or the consequence would be ..
People becoming ..
Rational people enter into a ..
- an absolute government
- the 'state of nature'
- ‘ solitary poor nasty brutish and short’
- social contract
what type of conservative?
1) change with great caution mindful of the delicate balance in an organic society
2) tradition and empiricism
A government should not be based on ... should be based on ..
He endorsed .. ‘tested wisdom’ why?
Thoughts on human nature ?
-abstract principles end in chaos and tyranny ... empiricism and tradition
- organic gradual change based on experience
-promotes social cohesion/stability
Key ideas ?
1) people’s actions should be guided by pragmatism rather than ideology
2) theories and ideologies oversimplify complex situations
human imperfection/pragmatism (society/state)
What is modern society?
People don’t have ..
What’s an example of misguided human rationalism ?
What maintains social stability and cohesion?
What is pragmatism ?
Both unpredictable and complex
The mental faculties to make sense of a complex modern world
Modernisation, cautious change when necessary with historical continuity
Respond to circumstances as you see
Key ideas ?
1) people should pursue their own happiness as their highest moral aim
2) people should work hard to achieve a life of purpose and productiveness
What did rand champion ? Claiming that?
What two things did she reject ? As they created ?
What did she call for ? So complete..?
Selfishness is a ...?
Objectivism, rational pursuit of self interest was morally right
- government welfare
An artificial sense of obligation and expectation (not self interest)
Uncontrolled/unregulated lassiez faire
1)individuals in society cannot be treated as a thing or used against their will as a resource
2) individuals own their bodies talents abilities and labour
What was Nozick ?
What did he conclude about state welfare redistribution programmes ?
Meaning the only type of state he wanted was?
Therefore he opposes ? (2)
-immoral because it’s a type of forced labour
- treat individuals as a resource to further goals of equality and social justice
Minimal or ‘night watchman’ (Locke)
Thomas Hobbes, human nature
needy vulnerable characteristics?(3)
human capacity to reason is ….
distorted by …
fighting for basics
fighting out of fear
fragile / self-interest
pragmatism? two stands of conserve
rejects ideology, decisions made from practical experience implies flexible political approach (traditional/one nation)
institutions/customs developed over time passed onto generations
3 aspects of human imperfection?
5 features of organic society?
commonly known as? rejects?
ppl best equipped to govern through birth/inheritance/upbringing
-maximum economic freedom
-minimal gov/state regulation
liberal new right/neo-liberalism
traditional conservative features?(5)
one nation 3 features?
what type of economics ?
-support for imperialism
social reforms for working class
Keynesian 'middle way'
new right, combination of?
3 incoherent features ?
neo liberalism/neo conservatism