Thinkers conservative Flashcards Preview

Politics > Thinkers conservative > Flashcards

Flashcards in Thinkers conservative Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

Thomas Hobbes

Key ideas

1) an ordered society should balance the human need to lead a free life
2) humans are needy vulnerable and easily lead astray in attempts to understand the world

2

Thomas Hobbes

Total obedience for ...

Or the consequence would be ..

People becoming ..

Rational people enter into a ..



- an absolute government

- the 'state of nature'

- ‘ solitary poor nasty brutish and short’

- social contract

3

Edmund Burke

Key ideas
what type of conservative?

1) change with great caution mindful of the delicate balance in an organic society
2) tradition and empiricism
traditional

4

Edmund Burke

A government should not be based on ... should be based on ..

He endorsed .. ‘tested wisdom’ why?

Thoughts on human nature ?

-abstract principles end in chaos and tyranny ... empiricism and tradition

- organic gradual change based on experience
-promotes social cohesion/stability

People evil

5

Michael oakeshott

Key ideas ?
uses?

1) people’s actions should be guided by pragmatism rather than ideology
2) theories and ideologies oversimplify complex situations

human imperfection/pragmatism (society/state)

6

Michael oakeshott

*RELATIONSHIP ADVICE*

What is modern society?

People don’t have ..
What’s an example of misguided human rationalism ?

What maintains social stability and cohesion?
What is pragmatism ?

Both unpredictable and complex

The mental faculties to make sense of a complex modern world

Communist regimes

Modernisation, cautious change when necessary with historical continuity

Respond to circumstances as you see

7

Ayn Rand

Key ideas ?

uses?

1) people should pursue their own happiness as their highest moral aim
2) people should work hard to achieve a life of purpose and productiveness
objectiveness/freedom

8

Ayn Rand

What did rand champion ? Claiming that?

What two things did she reject ? As they created ?


What did she call for ? So complete..?
Selfishness is a ...?

Objectivism, rational pursuit of self interest was morally right

- government welfare
- state
An artificial sense of obligation and expectation (not self interest)


Uncontrolled/unregulated lassiez faire
Deregulation
Virtue

9

Robert Nozick

Key ideas
uses?

1)individuals in society cannot be treated as a thing or used against their will as a resource
2) individuals own their bodies talents abilities and labour
state

10

Robert Nozick

What was Nozick ?

What did he conclude about state welfare redistribution programmes ?

Meaning the only type of state he wanted was?

Therefore he opposes ? (2)

Complete ..?

A libertarian

-immoral because it’s a type of forced labour
- treat individuals as a resource to further goals of equality and social justice

Minimal or ‘night watchman’ (Locke)

-taxation
-state welfare

Deregulation

11

Thomas Hobbes, human nature
needy vulnerable characteristics?(3)

human capacity to reason is ….
distorted by …

fighting for basics
fighting out of fear
seeking reputation

fragile / self-interest

12

pragmatism? two stands of conserve

tradition?

rejects ideology, decisions made from practical experience implies flexible political approach (traditional/one nation)

institutions/customs developed over time passed onto generations

13

3 aspects of human imperfection?

5 features of organic society?

phycological/moral/intellectual

-living organism
-authority
-paternalism
hierarchy
traditional institutions

14

paternalism ?

libertarianism advocates?(3)
commonly known as? rejects?

ppl best equipped to govern through birth/inheritance/upbringing

-individual liberty
-maximum economic freedom
-minimal gov/state regulation

liberal new right/neo-liberalism
paternalism

15

traditional conservative features?(5)

-traditional institutions
-pragmatism
gradual reform
-hierarchy
living organism

16

one nation 3 features?

what type of economics ?

-traditional institutions
-support for imperialism
social reforms for working class

Keynesian 'middle way'

17

new right, combination of?
rival to?
sometimes called?

3 incoherent features ?

neo liberalism/neo conservatism
one nation
Thatcherism

-traditional
-radical 'anti-permissiveness'
-reactionary

18

neo-liberalism 4 features?


neo-conservative 3 features?

-free market
-inflation
-rejection of gov spending
-atomistic individual

-social order
-traditional values
-public morality