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Flashcards in Therapy Deck (63)
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1

Dual Approaches of Therapy

-Psychotherapy
-Biomedical Therapy
*Usually used together

2

Psychotherapy

-Trained therapist uses psychological techniques to assist someone seeking to overcome difficulties or achieve personal growth
-people w/ people
-W/ or w/out diagnosis

3

Biomedical Therapy

-Prescribed medication or medical procedure that acts directly on patient's nervous system
-Has diagnosis

4

Psychotherapy types

-Eclectic approach
-Psychoanalytic
-Psychodynamic
-Humanistic
-Behavioral
-Cognitive
-Cognitive-Behavioral
-All 1 on 1 or in groups
-"Talk therapies"

5

Psychoanalysis Goals

*FREUD
-Bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness
-Healthy living is possible when we let go of ID-ego-superego conflict
-Reduce conflict

6

Methods of Psychoanalysis

-Projective tests: TAT and Inkblots
-Free association: what comes to mind automatically
-Responses are interpreted, looking for moments of resistance
-Hypnosis
-Dream analysis: latent (hidden content) vs manifest (obvious content) of dreams
-Latent reveals anxiety

7

Transference

-Psychoanalysis
-Patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships
-Ex: love or hatred for a parent

8

Criticisms of Psychoanalysis

-Interpretations cannot be proven or disproven
-Rebuttal: It is a therapy, not a science

9

How Psychoanalysis is Used

-Lengthy process: Several years of several sessions a week
-Expensive: 3 times a week for 2 years: $30,000
-France, Germany, Quebec, NYC

10

Goals of Psychodynamic

-Shed light on current symptoms by focusing on themes across important relationships

11

Humanistic goals

-Self-fulfillment boosting by helping people grow in self-awareness and self-acceptance

12

Humanistic vs. Pyschodynamic

-Similar: Insight therapies
-Individual gains insight about self and improves
-Differences:
-Present and future (humanistic) vs. past (psychodynamic)
-Conscious mind instead of unconscious
-Immediate responsibility
-Promotes growth, not curing illness

13

Client-Centered Therapy

-Carl Rogers
-Growth-promoting climate
-Acceptance (Unconditional
-Empathy
-Genuineness
-Non-directive therapy
-Active listening
-Empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies
-Don't add opinion

14

Goals of Behavioral Therapy

-Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
*BF Skinner

15

CounterConditioning

-Behavioral Therapy
-Uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors
-Types: Exposure therapy, aversive conditioning

16

Wolpe

*Created exposure therapies based off Mary Cover Jones' ideas
-Behavioral Therapy
-Behavioral techniques that treat anxiety by exposing people (In imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid
-Ex: Virtual Reality exposure therapy, systematic desensitization

17

Aversive Conditioning

-Behavioral Therapy (Type of Counterconditioning)
-Associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)
-Treat nail biting, alcoholism

18

Behavioral Modification

-Behavioral Therapy
-Reinforcing desired behaviors and withholding reinforcement or undesired behaviors
-Ex: Token Economy

19

Token Economy

-People earn a token of same sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privilege or treats
-Used in institutions, as well as at arcades (tickets or coins)

20

Cognitive Therapy Goals

-Teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting
-Based on assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions

21

Cognitive Perspective

-Cognitive Therapy of psych disorders
-Interval beliefs are super important
-Person w/ depression interprets suggestions as criticism, disagreement as dislike
-Ruminating on these thoughts sustain bad moods

22

Eclectic Approach

-An approach in psychology that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy

23

Ellis

-Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy
-Type of cognitive therapy
-Confrontational cognitive therapy that vigorously challengers people's illogical, self-defeating attitudes and assumptions
-Point out absurdities in thinking

24

Beck

-Beck's therapy for depression
-Type of cognitive therapy
-Gentler than Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy
-Helps clients see catastrophizing beliefs through gentle questioning
-CB: worst-case scenario

25

Stress Inoculation Training

-Meichenbaum
-Teaching people to restructure thinking in stressful situations

26

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

-Popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) w/ behavior therapy (changing behavior)
-Study: People learn to prevent compulsive behaviors by relabeling obsessive thoughts
-Instead of giving in to urge, they would spend 15 minutes doing an alternative, enjoyable activity

27

Group Therapy

-Saves therapist time and money
-Often just as effective as individual
-Clients discover:
-Not alone in their problems
-Offers social lab for exploring social behaviors and developing social skills
-It provides feedback as clients try out new ways of behaving
-Ex: Alcoholics Anonymous: 2 million members

28

Family Therapy

-Treat whole system instead of individual
-Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members

29

Resistance

-In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

30

Interpretation

-In psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight