The Universe, Human Beings and Their Destiny Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Universe, Human Beings and Their Destiny Deck (22)
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1

Afterlife

Life after the physical death of the body

2

Animal rights

The idea that some or all non-human animals are entitled to particular treatment and respect

3

Commonality (of all living beings)

The idea that all living beings share certain attributes and characteristics

4

Cyclical (view of human existence)

The view that life is a cycle of birth, death and rebirth

5

Determinism

The philosophical view that every human action is an inevitable consequence of pre-existing conditions and so humans do not possess genuine free will

6

Dominance (of human beings over all other living beings)

The idea that humans are in some way superior to other living beings and so have power over them

7

Free Will

The power and ability to make choices and act on them without limitations from external forces or pre-existing conditions

8

Greed

The desire for more of something beyond one's needs

9

Human Destiny

The end point for all humans; the events that will inevitably happen to me in the future

10

Ignorance

Not being aware or possessing knowledge of something

11

Immorality

Living forever

12

Judgement (by God)

The idea that, after death, God decides our fate according to our actions on earth

13

Law of cause and effect (in relation to human actions)

The view that our actions in this life affect our position in our next life (either from a linear or cyclical perspective)

14

Linear (view of human existence)

The view that life is our one earthly life and it ends with death

15

Physicalism

The philosophical position that there is nothing more than the physical world

16

Predestination (by God)

The Christian idea that God has 'pre-chosen' those who will go to Heaven

17

Rebirth

When the soul leaves one physical body (upon the death of this body) and enters a new body

18

Resurrection

Being raised to life after death

19

Selfishness

Thinking and acting in a way that excludes reference to other people's thoughts and feelings

20

Sin

Actions that go against the will of God

21

Soul

The non-physical 'self', usually believed to be immortal

22

Speciesism

The claim that species membership has moral significance