The UK Judiciary Flashcards Preview

A Level Politics UK and Ideologies > The UK Judiciary > Flashcards

Flashcards in The UK Judiciary Deck (18)
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1

What are the three branches of government

1) judiciary (Supreme Court)
2) parliament (legislative)
3) prime minister and government

2

What is the judiciary responsible for

The implementation of law

3

What percentages of judges identify as BME

7%

4

What is the purpose of the Judicial Appointments Commission

An independent commission that selects candidates for judicial office in courts and tribunals in England and Wales.

5

Why was the judicial appointments commission set up

To strengthen judicial independence by taking responsibility for selecting candidates for judicial office
It makes the process more clearer and accountable

6

Describe the Supreme Court

The final court of appeal for all UK civil and criminal cases
Concentrates on cases of the greatest public and constitutional importance

7

What are civil liberties

Includes certain right such as the right to vote, fair trial, privacy and family life

8

What is the European court on human rights

Headquarters in France
In charge with supervising the enforcement of the convention on human rights

9

What is the European court of justice

Interprets EU law to make sure it is applied in the same way in all EU countries and settles legal disputes

10

What is a judicial review

A procedure by which a court can review an administrative action by a public body and secure a declaration, order or award.

11

What is a judicial enquiry

A legal investigation conducted into a matter of public concern by a judge

12

What is judicial neutrality

Ensuring that the judges apply law impartially without bias

13

What is judicial independence

The idea that those who are in the judiciary should be free from control or political influence

14

How is judicial independence maintained

-‘secure of tenure’ - judges are appointed for life in the UK only restriction is retirement at 75- this prevents them being threatened with sacking by politicians
-separation of powers- Supreme Court moved out of parliament
-independent appointment committee (JAC) brought about greater transparency

15

How is judicial neutrality guaranteed

-anonymity of senior judges- judges operate away from the public eye
-restriction of political activity- not allowed to campaign
-legal justifications- judges must provide written judgements explaining their decision clearly.

16

What may be the threat to judicial neutrality

The fact that most senior judges are traditionally drawn from the same pool, ie white oxbridge middle class middle age men

17

Explain why politicians should have power

-politically independent- can question govt
-operate strictly within law- prevent abuse of power
-key role in conducting judicial review

18

Explain why some argue judges have too much power

-not elected and not accountable
-make judgements which prevent govt from carrying out its function
-challenge sovereignty of parliament