Flashcards in The Treaty of Versailles Deck (19)
Why did World War 1 begin?
The Arch-duke of Austria was shot.
When did World War 1 take place?
Who were the Triple Entente?
Britain, Russia and France
Who were the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Austria and Italy
What was the aims of Georges Clemenceau?
He wanted as much German territory as possible (Alsace-Lorraine).
He wanted to remove Germany's military power so that they wouldn't invade France again.
He wanted to take revenge on Germany for the damage done in France and to be harsh on them.
He wanted Germany to pay compensation (reparations) for the damage done in France.
What were the aims of David Lloyd George?
He wanted Britain to remain Europe's number one naval power so he wanted to reduce Germany's navy.
He wanted to regain trade with Germany.
He didn't want to treat Germany too badly as he felt it would only lead to another war.
He was also under pressure from the British public to "squeeze the German's until the pip squeak".
What were the aims of Woodrow Wilson?
He wanted for his 14 points to be put forward.
He wanted to have World Peace.
He wanted self-determination for all countries.
He wanted to set up the League of Nations to resolve any disputes that might occur.
He didn't want for Germany to take the full war guilt as he felt it wasn't all their fault.
What was the war guilt for Germany in the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
Germany were to take full war guilt for World War 1.
What were the reparations that Germany had to pay in the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
Germany had to pay £6.6 billion in reparations.
What were the military restrictions that Germany had in the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
- 100,000 men in the navy
- no conscription's
- no air-force
- no submarines
- only 6 battle ships
What were Germany's territorial losses in the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
- They lost all oversea colonies.
- They lost Alsace-Lorraine to France.
- They lost the Saar to the League of Nations for 15 years.
- They lost West Prussia and Upper Silesia to Poland.
- They were never aloud to form an alliance/union with Austria again.
What was Germany's reaction to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
- They now hated the French.
- Germany's 'industrial heart' stopped beating.
- They started to print more money but eventually money became worthless.
- War Guilt - they felt humiliated.
- Disarmament - they couldn't defend themselves.
What was fair about the Treaty of Versailles?
- Germany did cause the war partly so they should get some blame.
- German had taken Alsace-Lorraine off of France in the first place so it was only fair for France to have it back.
- Germany needed to be weakened because France needed protection against the threat of another German attack.
- Not a lot of damage had been done in Germany.
- 1,357,000 Frenchmen had died during the war.
What was unfair/harsh about the Treaty of Versailles?
- Germany didn't actually start the war so they shouldn't have to accept full war guilt.
- Germany were left with very little army or weapons to defend themselves.
- Germany had to pay £6.6 billion in reparations and they couldn't afford this.
- Britain and France were taking money for their own benefit.
- Germany lost her overseas empires whilst France and Britain were building theirs.
- Germany agree to a ceasefire, they didn't actually surrender, so neither side won.
What were the names of the other 4 treaties?
- The Treaty of St Germain
- The Treaty of Neuilly
- The Treaty of Trianon
- The Treaty of Serves
What was the Treaty of Germain and what was some of it's terms?
- Signed in September 1919
- The treaty was signed by the Allies with Austira.
- Austria agreed to break-up the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
- Austria agreed to pay reparations but with the collapse of the Bank of Vienna, nothing was paid.
- Austria was permitted to an army no more then 30,000 men.
What was the Treaty of Neiully and what was some of it's terms?
- Signed in November 1919.
- The treaty was signed by the Allies with Bulgaria.
- Bulgaria had to pay £100 million in reparations.
- Bulgaria's army to limited to no more then 20,000 men.
What was the treaty of Trianon and what was some of it's terms?
- Signed in June 1920.
- The treaty was signed by the Allie with Hungary.
- Hungary agreed to pay reparations but with the collapse of Hungary's empire, nothing was paid.
- Hungary's army was permitted to no more than 35,000 men.