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Flashcards in The re-establishment of the Church of England Deck (31)
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1

Explain the black rubric

How the laity receive communion; have to sit, stand or kneel etc.

2

What Protestant practices did Elizabeth approve of?

The English Bible and services

3

What Catholic practices did Elizabeth approve of?

Church music, Catholic vestments and clerical celibacy

4

When did Elizabeth hold a debate between Catholic and Protestant clergy and what was the result?

Easter 1559; the Catholic clergy withdrew so Elizabeth arrested two bishops

5

What did the arrest of two Catholic bishops in 1559 allow Elizabeth to do and why?

Pass the act of Uniformity; the lack of two bishops meant there was a Protestant majority

6

What happened in January 1559?

Parliament began and Elizabeth refused to join the procession of monks

7

Explain the Device for the Alteration of religion, and who authored it

Authored by William Cecil, and recommended that Elizabeth should note that the majority of the laity wanted the Catholic rites of worship to remain, but that this should not be considered a papist plot

8

When did Elizabeth state that all Bibles should be in English, as should the Lord's Prayer?

December 1558

9

What Act allowed Elizabeth to regain status as head of the Church through the reinstatement of the act of Supremacy and when was it passed?

1559; The Act of Uniformity

10

What title did Elizabeth gain in 1559 and why?

Supreme Governor; to appease radicals who believed a woman could not be the head of the Church

11

When were the Injunctions issued?

1559

12

What was included in the Injunctions?

A pattern of worship, banning pilgrimages and false images, a preaching license was introduced, recusant fines and the ornaments rubric

13

What was the ornaments rubric?

An injunction that stated decorated vestments would be worn by clergy for mass and surplice for other services

14

What did the Act of Exchange allow Elizabeth to do?

Collect First Fruit and Tenths and seize land from absent priests

15

What was removed from the second book of common prayer (1552) to make the new book of common prayer?

Insults towards the Pope

16

What did the new book of common prayer allow the clergy to do?

See Mass as a memorial or transubstantiation

17

What was the result of Elizabeth removing Catholic clergy?

The Protestant clergy was uneducated and inexperienced

18

How did Elizabeth compromise on clerical marriage and when?

1561; evicted the wives and children from colleges and cathedrals

19

When was a Latin prayer book published?

1560

20

When were the 39 articles passed and what did that make England?

1563; Moderately Calvanist

21

Who became Pope in 1559?

Pope Pius IV

22

Who was Elizabeth's Principal Secretary?

William Cecil

23

What were the visitations?

Senior clergymen travel to parishes to observe the liturgy. Many were violent and destroyed altars, images and clerical clothing

24

True or false - Elizabeth believed in availability of English Bible and services to be in English?

True

25

How many 'Puritan' MPs were sitting in the House of Commons at the beginning of Elizabeth's reign?

25

26

Who blocked the religious settlement in Elizabeth's first Parliament in January 1559?

Marian bishops in the House of Lords

27

How many Marian bishops were arrested for disobedience in 1559?

2

28

What Acts were passed in April 1559 forming the foundations of the Church Settlement of Elizabeth?

Uniformity and Supremacy

29

What area of compromise featured in the 1559 Book of Common Prayer?

Transubstantiation

30

How much was the recusancy fine for failing to attend church on a Sunday?

1 shilling