Flashcards in The re-establishment of the Church of England Deck (31)
Explain the black rubric
How the laity receive communion; have to sit, stand or kneel etc.
What Protestant practices did Elizabeth approve of?
The English Bible and services
What Catholic practices did Elizabeth approve of?
Church music, Catholic vestments and clerical celibacy
When did Elizabeth hold a debate between Catholic and Protestant clergy and what was the result?
Easter 1559; the Catholic clergy withdrew so Elizabeth arrested two bishops
What did the arrest of two Catholic bishops in 1559 allow Elizabeth to do and why?
Pass the act of Uniformity; the lack of two bishops meant there was a Protestant majority
What happened in January 1559?
Parliament began and Elizabeth refused to join the procession of monks
Explain the Device for the Alteration of religion, and who authored it
Authored by William Cecil, and recommended that Elizabeth should note that the majority of the laity wanted the Catholic rites of worship to remain, but that this should not be considered a papist plot
When did Elizabeth state that all Bibles should be in English, as should the Lord's Prayer?
What Act allowed Elizabeth to regain status as head of the Church through the reinstatement of the act of Supremacy and when was it passed?
1559; The Act of Uniformity
What title did Elizabeth gain in 1559 and why?
Supreme Governor; to appease radicals who believed a woman could not be the head of the Church
When were the Injunctions issued?
What was included in the Injunctions?
A pattern of worship, banning pilgrimages and false images, a preaching license was introduced, recusant fines and the ornaments rubric
What was the ornaments rubric?
An injunction that stated decorated vestments would be worn by clergy for mass and surplice for other services
What did the Act of Exchange allow Elizabeth to do?
Collect First Fruit and Tenths and seize land from absent priests
What was removed from the second book of common prayer (1552) to make the new book of common prayer?
Insults towards the Pope
What did the new book of common prayer allow the clergy to do?
See Mass as a memorial or transubstantiation
What was the result of Elizabeth removing Catholic clergy?
The Protestant clergy was uneducated and inexperienced
How did Elizabeth compromise on clerical marriage and when?
1561; evicted the wives and children from colleges and cathedrals
When was a Latin prayer book published?
When were the 39 articles passed and what did that make England?
1563; Moderately Calvanist
Who became Pope in 1559?
Pope Pius IV
Who was Elizabeth's Principal Secretary?
What were the visitations?
Senior clergymen travel to parishes to observe the liturgy. Many were violent and destroyed altars, images and clerical clothing
True or false - Elizabeth believed in availability of English Bible and services to be in English?
How many 'Puritan' MPs were sitting in the House of Commons at the beginning of Elizabeth's reign?
Who blocked the religious settlement in Elizabeth's first Parliament in January 1559?
Marian bishops in the House of Lords
How many Marian bishops were arrested for disobedience in 1559?
What Acts were passed in April 1559 forming the foundations of the Church Settlement of Elizabeth?
Uniformity and Supremacy
What area of compromise featured in the 1559 Book of Common Prayer?