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Flashcards in The Punic Wars Deck (8)
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1

First Punic War date

264-241 BCE

2

The Second Punic War date

218-202/1 BCE

3

The Third Punic War date

149-146 BCE

4

What were the Punic Wars?

Wars fought against Carthage; the other major power of the time. The first one was fought entirely at Sicily. The second one in Spain, Sicily and Carthage. The third one at Carthage alone.

5

Events leading up the Punic Wars

280s - Sicily raided by the Mamertines
Mid 280s - Mamertines take Messina
270-260s - Syracuse under Hiero defeats the Mamertines at the Battle of Longanus. The Mamertines appealed for help to the Carthaginians. Carthage put a citadel into Messina. The Mamertines appeal for help to the Romans...the senate took their time...

6

Main events of the First Punic War

263 - Hiero concedes to Rome
262 - Agrigentum falls to Rome
260 - Naval battle at Mylae
256 - Rome invades Africa
255 - Major Roman fleet lost
249 - naval battle at Drepana
241 - naval battle of the Aegates islands

7

Causes of the Second Punic War

220 - Rome sends embassy to Hannibal, after Saguntum appeals to Rome
219 - Hannibal puts Saguntum under siege
218 - Rome declares war - two armies (Spain and Africa0.

8

Third Punic War

Carthage's war with Massinissa
149 BCE - Rome sends fleet against Utica, Carthage surrenders.
But.. Rome decides to destroy it, and it is destroyed by 146 BCE.