The Problem Of Evil Flashcards Preview

Philosophy > The Problem Of Evil > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Problem Of Evil Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1

Natural evil

Volcanoes
Tsunami

2

Moral evil

Murder
Rape

3

Omnibenevolent

God is all loving

4

Omnipotent

God is all powerful

5

Omniscience

God is all knowing

6

Mackie

Atheist
We are both determined and have free will
Inconsistent trade
Omnipotent-evil exists- omnibenevolent

7

The brothers of karamazov

Brother 1- if the ultimate good means evil, count me out
Religion is a method of control according to Nietzche

8

Augustine soul deciding theory

Bible shows that god is wholly good and that according to genesis , the world was created free from suffering, defect and evil

Believes world was perfect and damaged by humans

9

3 main points of Augustine theodicy

God gave humans free will
Everyone is evil of sin
Adam and Eve introduced moral and natural evil

10

3 main criticisms of Augustine theodicy

God enabled the world to go wrong or it was never perfect in the 1st place
If perfection was drummed into us, why would we choose evil
-evil allows them to have resumption from Jesus
Is it Reasonable to say suffering isn't a real thing when there is evil privation in the world

11

Augustine view on problem of evil

Evil just Absence of good
Comes from free will

"Evil has no positive nature but the loss of good has received the name evil"

12

Iraneus soul making theodicy

Idea that god allowed evil to happen as it is necessary to let their souls develop
Evil is instrumental

13

Main points of iraneus theodicy

Grow into likeness of god
Created in his image
Develop from experience with evil so that we know wrong and right
Value of our virtues is proportional to severity of our suffering

14

Criticism of iraneus

People don't always develop from suffering
-rape loss
Suffering only way to develop moral growth?
-Could be encouraged without the need for suffering
Universal salvation fair?
-if you all go to heaven what is motivation to be moral anyway

15

Hick soul making

Without the freedom of choice humanity couldn't develop=counter functional hypothesis
We would have the goodness of robots if the world was created perfect
Has to be a epistemic distance

16

Hick criticism

Do the ends justify the means?
In universal solution fair?

17

Swinburne soul making theodicy

Seven stage argument stating that natural evil allows human to understand evil. Evil became extreme as more people became evil

18

Seven stage argument steps

1)gain knowledge through experience
2)consequences follow from actions
3)only know bad consequences will happen if have prior knowledge
4)know this if others have experienced it before
5)for any evil act, must be first instance
6)murder gained knowledge from experiencing/hearing someone talk about action of killing
7)natural evils to hell us gain knowledge and correct moral choices

19

Arthur showcross
Support for Swinburne

Killed 12 women and 2 children
Abused as a child

20

Dz Phillips

Doesn't like theodicies
Instrumentalist is poor excuse
Human life is more that a number it cannot be cost benefit analysed

21

Insufficient reason for eve ik according to DZ Phillips

Evils develops character
Evil is logically necessary
Evil acts to spur us to goodness
Things are not as bad as they seem
Suffering is never more that we can beat
All this will be redeemed after death