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Flashcards in The Presidency Deck (47)
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When did Truman get involved in the Korean War?

1950. Sent ground troops and planes to help South Koreans:


What does Truman's intervention in Korea reveal about Presidential involvement in FP?

The executive is the primary initiating force, and is extensively involved.


What did an author have to say about Truman's Korean intervention? What was his name?

Louis Fisher said Truman's commitment of troops was "the single most important precedent" of executive use of force while not having congressional authority.


What year was the START treaty signed? What was it?


An agreement between Russia + the US to limit number of nuclear arms ready to be deployed.


What did the START treaty reveal about Presidential involvement in Foreign Policy?

Obama was extensively involved - went through extensive negotiations. Senate had to ratify it, but they had barely any say in the negotiation process.


What's an example of a budget that got passed?

What's an example of a bill that had rigorous checks?

Obama's 2015 budget.

Trump's spending bill that resulted in a gov shutdown in Jan 2018.


What is a bill that a president has signed for which he wishes to take credit?

What checks are there on a president's bill-signing power?

The 'Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act' (signed by Obama in 2010).

The legislation itself would've been through rigorous checks by Congress before it reached the President. Even if it's his agenda, Congress would've decided exact wording.


What bill signed by Trump had a bill-signing ceremony?

The 'right-to-try' bill, signed in mid 2018


Between Washington and George W. Bush, how many regular vetoes have been used?

Just over 1,500


What is a pocket veto?

When was the last time a pocket veto was used?

Where if a bill awaiting presidential action is left when the legislative session finishes, the bill is lost... cannot be overridden by Congress.

By Bill Clinton - the 'Bankruptcy Reform Act of 2000'


What success rate did George W. Bush have with vetoes?

Give an example of Congress overriding a President's veto.

63.6% success rate

Obama vetoed the 'Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism' Act in 2016. Congress overrode that veto in the same month (overriding a regular veto requires a 2/3rds vote in each chamber).


What is the budget? What checks are there on its power?

A detailed spending plan; Congress is under no obligation to pass it, but they use the non-passing power sparingly as they do not want to be seen as causing successive government shutdowns.


What bills have been through rigorous checks?

Trump's spending bill, 2018


How many executive posts were confirmed in Trump's administration as of 2018?

Over 300


Who's appointment was rejected by the Senate?

John Tower (to be secretary of Defence). Usually, the Senate confirms most nominations.


The President has the power to nominate federal branch officials. Name 2 of the most executive departments.

Department of the Treasury, Department of Agriculture


What role does the President fulfill? Give an example of what he can do as part of this role.

What are Congress's checks on the role of Chief Exec?

Is the chief executive. Thus, can issue executive orders.

Checks = Senate must approve presidential appointments, can block budget, etc.


Give 3 other powers of the President.

Negotiate treaties; issue pardons; act as commander-in-chief.


What power does the Presisnet have in terms of the judges? What are the checks on these?

Give an example of a successful nomination.

Has the power to nominate federal judges. These must be confirmed by a majority vote in the Senate.

Sonita Sotomayor in 2009. Confirmed by the Senate.


How was a judge's appointment been filibustered?

Neil Gorsuch in 2017 - Democrats filibustered vote in Senate. Senate Republicans had to invoke the 'nuclear option' to end the filibuster.


What are the checks on executive orders?

Subject to judicial review by the courts; impeachment calls would likely follow if it went against something as serious as banning guns.


What are the purposes of exec orders?

To avoid domestic crisis (eg Truman example) / to bypass Congressional deadlock.


How many exec orders did Trump issue in his 1st year? How many for Obama?

55; 39


When did Truman issue his exec order re. steelworks (placing it under gov control to avoid a strike).



What were the details of the travel ban?

People from 7 countries (including Iran, Libya and Somalia) had a 90day visa suspension (also an indefinite van on refugees within the order).


What were Obama's exec order (that I've revised) called? When was it?

'DAPA' (issued late 2014) allowed illegal immigrants to have an indefinite delay to their deportation. A federal appeals court ruled Obama's actions unconstitutional as they broke the faithful execution of other laws (Article II).


What can each exec order be reviewed by?

Each one has to be reviewed by the Office of Legal Counsel in theory, to make sure it's within the law. But, this review doesn't always happen.


How is the Presidential veto significant?

Give an example of a Presidential veto

The threat of the regular veto can be used as a bargaining tool, and Congress cannot often override it. The use of a pocket veto cannot be overriden by Congress.
1,500 statistic.

Obama vetoed legislation that would've repealed much of his Obamacare in 2016.


How is the Presidential veto not so significant?

Many bills contain provisions the President supports and opposes - the veto is blunt, voiding all provisions.

The regular veto can be overridden. The pocket veto can only be exercised at the end of a legislative session, and has not been used in over a decade.


What are the goals of foreign policy?

Expand opportunities for the US, by keeping an active role in international organisations, eg. World Trade Organisation.

To make the world a better place, e.g. through international HR initiatives, peace-keeping missions (but prefers to work through NATO).