Flashcards in The presidency Deck (42)
Where are the powers of the President laid out?
Article 2 of the Constitution.
Powers of the President
Submit the annual budget
Sign / veto legislation
Nominate executive branch officials / judiciary
Act as CEO / commander-in-chief / head of state
Where can the President propose legislation?
State of the Union address
Announcement at a public event
Obama's 2013 State of the Union address
Promoted his policy proposals on gun control and immigration reform
Which Obama veto did Congress override?
Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act
What proportion of the Senate is required to ratify a treaty?
Example of a presidential pardon
Clinton for Mark Rich
Where in the Constitution is the Cabinet mentioned?
The Cabinet isn't mentioned at all in the Constitution
What is EXOP?
Executive Office of the President
The umbrella term for the top staff agencies in the White House that assist the president in carrying out the major responsibilities of office.
Key offices of EXOP
The White House Office
The Office of Management and Budget
The National Security Council
Functions of the OMB
Advise the President on the allocation of federal funds in the annual budget
Oversee the spending of all federal departments and agencies
Act as a clearing house for all executive initiatives
Who coined the term "power to persuade"?
Presidential persuasion through people
The vice president
Members of the Office of Legislative Affairs (official lobbyists)
Party leadership in Congress
Direct authority of the President
A presidency characterised by the misuse of presidential powers
Examples of an imperial presidency
A presidency characterised by ineffectiveness and weakness, resulting from congressional over-assertiveness
Who coined the term "imperilled presidency"
President Gerald Ford
Examples of an imperilled presidency
The Case Act (1972) forced Presidents to inform Congress of all executive agreements made with foreign states
What can Congress do to limit presidential power?
Amend, delay or reject the President's legislative proposals
Override the President's veto
Amend the President's budgetary requests (power of the purse)
Check the President's commander-in-chief power (power to declare war + power of the purse)
Refuse to ratify treaties
Reject presidential nominations
Investigate and impeach the executive branch
What can the Supreme Court do to limit Presidential power?
Declare Presidential actions as unconstitutional
eg. NLRB v Noel Canning 2014
Factors limiting Presidential power
The Supreme Court
Factors affecting presidential success
Electoral mandate examples
In 1984 Reagan won 59% of the vote
In 2000, Bush did not win the popular vote v Al Gore
Public approval examples
Bush's approval rating reached 90% post 9/11
Bush's approval rating rarely went above 40% during his last three years in office, reaching 25% in 2008
Bill Clinton's high approval ratings saved him from conviction in the Senate
First/second term examples
Average first-year presidential support score since 1980 = 83%
Average last-year presidential support score since 1980 = 48%
Bill Clinton approval rating went up from 50% to 61%
Unified/divided government examples
Average presidential support score for years of unified government since 1992 = 83%
Average presidential support score for years of divided government since 1992 = 53%
Ousting Saddam Hussein from Kuwait
Example of an executive order
Explicitly prohibited racial discrimination and set up the Federal Employment Practice Committee to implement it