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Flashcards in The Present Tense Deck (16)
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1

Yo

I

2

You

3

Él (masculine)

He

4

Ella (feminine)

She

5

Nosotros (masculine)

We

6

Nosotras (feminine)

We

7

Vosotros (masculine)

You

8

Vosotras (feminine)

You

9

Ellos (masculine)

They

10

Ellas (feminine)

They

11

-ar endings

Habl-ar Habl-an
Habl-o
Habl-as
Habl-a
Habl-amos
Habl-áis

12

-er endings

Com-er Com-en
Com-o
Com-es
Com-e
Com-emos
Com-éis

13

-ir endings

Escrib-ir Escrib-en
Escrib-o
Escrib-es
Escrib-e
Escrib-imos
Escrib-is

14

The present tense:
The present tense is used to talk about what usually happens (e.g. I GO to school every day) or about how things are (e.g. French lessons ARE very boring.) In Spanish, it can also be used to talk about what is happening now (e.g. I AM DOING my homework).

Regular verbs:
To use a verb in the present tense, you remove the infinitive ending and add a new ending for each person. Each of the three verb groups (-ar, -er, -ir) has a different set of endings that you need to learn.

15

-ar verbs
Comprar (to buy)
Compro (I)
Compras (you. Singular)
Compra (he/she)
Compramos (we)
Compráis (you. Plural)
Compran (they)

-er verbs
Leer (to read)
Leo
Lees
Lee
Leemos
Leéis
Leen

16

-ir verbs
Escribir (to write)
Escribo
Escribes
Escribe
Escribimos
Escribís
Escriben

Some verbs change their stem:
Juego (jugar. To play), prefiero (preferir. To prefer).

Some verbs have an irregular ‘I’ form in the present tense:
Hago (hacer. To do),
Veo (ver. To see),
Tengo (tener. To have).