The Nature of Crime Flashcards Preview

Yr12 Legal Studies > The Nature of Crime > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Nature of Crime Deck (36)
Loading flashcards...
31

What is social crime prevention 

Attempts to address the underlying social factors that may lead to criminal behaviour

32

What are examples of situtaional crime prevention

  • Installing security alarms and bars on windows
  • Computer passwords and internet firewalls to deter data theft
  • Classical music in shopping centres to deter young people congregating
  • CCTV installation (good deterrence and useful for evidence)
  • Magnetic tags attached to clothing to set off alarm at the door
  • No alcohol zones to curb alcohol related incidents

33

What are social factors contributing to criminal behvaiour

  • Poor home environment and parenting
  • Social and economic disadvantage
  • Poor school attendance
  • Referred to as ‘Justice Reinvestment’

34

What are examples of government expenditure on social crime prevention

  • Educational programs in schools to raise education levels of students ‘at risk’
  • Parenting workshops for parents from disadvantaged backgrounds
  • Youth programs to teach dispute resolution skills and social skills
  • Four Corners ‘Backing Bourke’ Sept 2016, Just Reinvest

35

Why do most people obey the law

  • Many laws simply regulate behaviour which we generally agree should be regulated
  • We are educated to think that certain behaviour should not be allowed
  • People fear punishment
  • People fear public condemnation
  • Comply with legal system so it may protect them

36

Results of Bourke KPMG assessment

  • Family strength: a 23% reduction in police recorded incidence of domestic violence and comparable drops in rates of reoffending

  • Youth development: a 31% increase in year 12 student retention rates and a 38% reduction in charges across the top five juvenile offence categories

  • Adult empowerment: a 14% reduction in bail breaches and 42% reduction in days spent in custody