Flashcards in The Middle Ages Deck (61)
How land was distributed in the Middle Ages.
An old word for farmer.
A peasant who paid taxes to the lord, king, and farmed their lord's land.
Like a serf, but with the right to marriage and travel.
Percentage of the land the king kept for himself.
King's followers, Earls, Counts, Bishops, Abbots.
Soldiers who rode into battle on horseback.
Where the lords and peasants lived. A medieval village.
A 3 field farming method. *Fallow*
What rich women wore on their head.
A mixture of porridge and vegetable soup.
The medieval sherriff. Collected taxes and made arrests. He kept the peace. Peasants were scared of him.
A medieval form of punishment. Your head and hands were placed in a wooden block and you had to stand there while people threw rotten vegetables at you.
A seat in which gossiping women were sat in and repeatedly ducked into a lake.
When the peasants had to give one tenth of their crops to the priest.
MOTTE AND BAILEY
The first castle. The motte was the lookout on a hill and the bailey was the residential section.
The main building of the stone castle where the lord and lady, their families, and some soldiers lived.
Lookout on top of the keep. Sentries kept guard.
Strong towers along the walls.
To cross the moat. Raised during a raid and at night.
A big heavy iron grill in front of the gate. Could be lowered.
Ran along the top of top of the walls. Soldiers walked along these.
The toilets of the castle. In the corner of one of the towers of the keep.
Where the blacksmith made weapons and horse shoes. In the courtyard.
A giant crossbow fired at the castle in a siege.
The room in which women did embroydery. Faced south and was the warmest room of the castle.
Thick heavy embroidered hung on the walls for warmth.
Hawks were tamed and trained to hunt other birds.
Where knights fought mock battles.