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Flashcards in The Middle Ages Deck (61)
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FEUDAL SYTEM

How land was distributed in the Middle Ages.

1

PEASANT

An old word for farmer.

2

SERF

A peasant who paid taxes to the lord, king, and farmed their lord's land.

3

FREEMAN

Like a serf, but with the right to marriage and travel.

4

DEMESNE

Percentage of the land the king kept for himself.

5

VASSALS

King's followers, Earls, Counts, Bishops, Abbots.

6

KNIGHTS

Soldiers who rode into battle on horseback.

7

MEDIEVAL MANOR

Where the lords and peasants lived. A medieval village.

8

OPEN-FIELD SYSTEM.

A 3 field farming method. *Fallow*

9

WIMPLE

What rich women wore on their head.

10

POTTAGE

A mixture of porridge and vegetable soup.

11

BAILIFF

The medieval sherriff. Collected taxes and made arrests. He kept the peace. Peasants were scared of him.

12

STOCKS

A medieval form of punishment. Your head and hands were placed in a wooden block and you had to stand there while people threw rotten vegetables at you.

13

DUCKING STOOL

A seat in which gossiping women were sat in and repeatedly ducked into a lake.

14

TITHE

When the peasants had to give one tenth of their crops to the priest.

15

MOTTE AND BAILEY

The first castle. The motte was the lookout on a hill and the bailey was the residential section.

16

THE KEEP

The main building of the stone castle where the lord and lady, their families, and some soldiers lived.

17

BATTLEMENTS

Lookout on top of the keep. Sentries kept guard.

18

TURRETS

Strong towers along the walls.

19

DRAWBRIDGE

To cross the moat. Raised during a raid and at night.

20

PORTCULLIS

A big heavy iron grill in front of the gate. Could be lowered.

21

RAMPARTS

Ran along the top of top of the walls. Soldiers walked along these.

22

LATRINES

The toilets of the castle. In the corner of one of the towers of the keep.

23

FORGE

Where the blacksmith made weapons and horse shoes. In the courtyard.

24

BALLISTA

A giant crossbow fired at the castle in a siege.

25

SOLAR

The room in which women did embroydery. Faced south and was the warmest room of the castle.

26

TAPESTRIES

Thick heavy embroidered hung on the walls for warmth.

27

HAWKING

Hawks were tamed and trained to hunt other birds.

28

TOURNAMENT

Where knights fought mock battles.

29

DOWRY

When a noble woman's parents gave money or cattle to her husband.