Flashcards in The Industrial Revolution Deck (94)
What was the supernatural belief like in the 1700 - 1800s?
people used religious belief less to explain events even though religion was still very strong in people's lives
In the 1700s, what was the main theory of what caused disease?
Few people believed in the 4 humours however it hadn't been fully replaced yet but miasma was believed and so was the work of Thomas Sydenham
What was the theory of spontaneous generation?
"animalcules" were the product of decay and so if something was to be left to decay, these animalcules would spontaneously generate onto it
When was the enlightenment?
throughout the 1700s
What was the importance of the enlightenment?
it became fashionable to seek answers to questions about the world and rational explanation became the standard
What was the importance of the Scientific Revolution?
New scientific theories finally began to replace old ones
Why was the scientific revolution in the industrial period as opposed to the renaissance?
Although theories were discredited in the Renaissance, there were no new theories to replace them until the industrial period
What was the importance of the growth of towns and cities?
new cities and towns were not well planned meaning that diseases like TB and smallpox were big threats to the working class
Which theory of causing disease was brought forward from the Renaissance
Miasma (becoming less popular)
the links between seeds in the air and animalcules (becoming more popular)
What new theory on the cause of disease was developed in the early 18th century?
Spontaneous Generation as an alternative to the four humours
What was spontaneous generation helped by?
early microscopes that could identify 'animalcules' on decaying matter
What were the 4 conclusions of germ theory?
1. the air contains living microbes
2. microbes in the air cause decay
3. microbes are not evenly distributed in the air
4. microbes can be killed by heating them
What did John Tyndall discover?
that there were small organic particles in the air - he gave a speech in 1870 linking the works of Joseph Lister and Louis Pasteur
What did Robert Koch discover?
Specific germs that cause specific diseases
What did John Tyndall theorise in 1870?
that disease could be spread through dust particles
What did the Government ignore in 1884?
Koch's work in India about how Cholera was caused by a specific microbe
When was the tuberculosis germ discovered?
When was the cholera germ discovered?
When was the link between cholera and water proved?
1854 by John Snow and 1884 by Robert Koch
When was the meningitis germ discovered?
When was the yersinia pestis germ discovered?
What event in 1915 helped germ theory spread?
Dr Bastien, a well respected doctor who encouraged belief in spontaneous generation, died
When was the first vaccination?
1796 for smallpox
How did the government change in relation to prevention of disease in the 1700s?
they gradually became more involved
What cures were consistently being used in the industrial period?
herbal remedies because successful cures were not developed until the 20th century
When was the Royal Jennerian Society set up and what did it do?
1803 and it promoted and facilitated vaccinations
When was the smallpox vaccine made compulsory?
When were public vaccinators appointed?
When did the British government begin to enforce compulsory vaccinations?