The French Revolution and Napoleon - Chapter 23 Flashcards Preview

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1

System of feudalism

Old Regime

2

Social class of people

Estate

3

Weak king who came to French throne in 1774

Louis XVI

4

Unpopular queen; wife of Louis XVI

Marie Antoinette

5

Assembly of representatives from all three estates

Estates-General

6

French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate

National Assembly

7

Promise made by Third Estate representatives to draw up a new constitution

Tennis Court Oath

8

Wave of panic

Great Fear

9

Assembly that replaced the National Assembly in 1791

Legislative Assembly

10

Nobles and others who left France during the peasant uprisings and who hoped to come back to restore the old system

Émigrés

11

Radical group o Parisian wage-earners

sans-culottes

12

Member of the Jacobi Club, a radical political organization

Jacobin

13

Machine for beheading people

Guillotine

14

Revolutionary leader who tried to wipe out every trace of France’s past monarchy and nobility

Maximilien Robespierre

15

Period of Robespierre’s rule

Reign of Terror

16

Military leader who seized power in France

Napoleon Bonaparte

17

A sudden takeover of a government

coup d’état

18

Vote by the people

Plebiscite

19

Government-run public school

lycée

20

Agreement

Concordat

21

Complete set of laws set up by Napoleon that eliminated many injustices

Napoleonic Code

22

British defeat of Napoleon’s forces at sea

Battle of Trafalgar

23

Forced closing of ports

Blockade

24

Napoleon’s policy of preventing trade and communication between Great Britain and other European nations

Napoleon System

25

Spanish peasant fighter

Guerilla

26

War that Napoleon fought in Spain

Peninsula War

27

Policy of burning fields and slaughtering livestock so that enemy troops would find nothing to eat

Scorched-earth Policy

28

Battle in Belgium that was Napoleon’s final defeat

Waterloo

29

Napoleon’s last bid for power, which ended at Waterloo

Hundred Days

30

Meetings in Vienna for the purpose of restoring order to Europe

Congress of Vienna