The End Conscription Campaign and the Black Sash (7) Flashcards Preview

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Smaller resistance organizations affiliated with the UDF aimed their protests at more specific targets, such as the ____ ____ _____, which was formed in 1983 to oppose conscription into the army.

End Conscription Campaign


What military work would young white men have to do?

At that stage all young white men had to do two years of national service after leaving school, followed by military camps for a number of years.


What would soldiers in the army be expected to do during Apartheid?

As soldiers in the army, they were sent to fight in the Angolan War and were also sent into the townships to suppress the protests.


What happened to those who refused to go to the army?

Those who refused to do military service could be sentenced to six years in prison.


What did the ECC propose?

The ECC proposed alternative forms of service, supported conscientious objectors and ran awareness campaigns to get public support.


What were some of the methods of protest, the ECC went on with? (3)

- In 1985 they ran a "Troops out of the Townships' campaign
- Some ECC leaders went on hunger strikes to draw attention to their cause.
- In 1985, 1,750 conscripts who had been called up failed to report for military service. A large number of draft dodgers' were thought to be living in Europe.


When was the ECC banned?

The government banned the ECC in 1988.


When did the role of the Black Sash change?

In the 1980s the role of the Black Sash began to change


What happened after the pass laws were removed?

After the pass laws were removed, advice offices focused more on welfare issues such as housing and child support.


Which projects did the Black Sash become involved in?

The Black Sash also became more involved in issues affecting rural communities through projects such as the Transvaal Action Committee and the National Land Committee, formed in 1985.


A younger generation of Black Sash women was influenced by ____ ideas.



Explain how the younger generation of Black Sash women was influenced by feminist ideas.

For example, Black Sash rural activists such as Lydia Kompe formed the Rural Women's Movement in the mid-1980s and encouraged rural black women to contest laws and customs which prevented them from owning land and inheriting property in their own names.