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Flashcards in The Age Of Exploration Deck (26)
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CAUSES OF THE AGE OF EXPLORATION

A search for a new trade route to the East
Desire to spread Christianity
Improvement is shipbuilding, navigation, and mapmaking
Myths and legends
Rulers wanted to build an empire and gain wealth

1

CARAVEL

Small fast ship copied from the Arabs.

2

CARRICK/NAOS

Large ship with square and lateen sails.

3

ASTROLABE

Measured latitude.

4

COMPASS

Measured direction.

5

LOG AND LINE

Measured speed.

6

CAPTAIN

Man in charge of the ship.

7

FIRST MATE

Assists the captain.

8

HARDTACK

Crackers eaten by sailors often infested with beetles.

9

SCURVY

Disease in the teeth and gums caused by lack of vitamin C.

10

DYSENTERY

Disease caused by drinking infected water.

11

CONQUISTADOR

A person who has conquered a country.

12

THE AZTECS

A tribe of Native Americans based mainly in Tenochtitlan (Mexico City).

13

THE INCAS

A native civilisation that lived in South America.

14

COLONY

A place ruled by a more powerful country.

15

PLANTATION

A farm where slaves were forced to grow crops.

16

SMALLPOX

Like chicken pox but much worse, could be fatal.

17

SLAVE TRADE

People who were forced to grow crops or mine silver/gold.

18

TREATY OF TORDESILLAS

When Spain and Portugal split the unknown world between them.

19

THE NEW WORLD

America nowadays.

20

MUTINY

When people had an uprising.

21

NEW WORLD PRODUCE TO EUROPE

Tobacco
Chocolate
Vanilla
Chilli peppers
Tea

22

EUROPEAN PRODUCE TO NEW WORLD

Horses
Cows
Sheep
Pigs
Wheat

23

PRINCE HENRY THE NAVIGATOR

Made a school for exploration
Wanted to spread Christianity
Sponsored voyages to Africa.

24

BARTHOLOMEW DIAZ

Led a 3 ship expedition down to Africa
He rounded the Cape of Good Hope
First European to enter the Indian Ocean.

25

VASCO DE GAMA

Sailed into the Atlantic
Reached Calicut in May 1498
Discovered the sea route to the Sea.