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121

4 to 6 mins without oxygen =

Permanent brain damage

122

ALS involves:

cardiac monitoring, intravenous fluids and medications, advance airway adjuncts

123

recognition and activation of the emergency system, immediate, high- quality CPR, rapid defibrilation, basic and advanced emergency medical services, advanced life support and post-arrest care.

AHA’s chain of survival

124

example of urology emergency 

kidney stones

125

caused by complication of diabetes mellitus

Endocrine emergencies:

126

may be result of sickle cell disease or blood-clotting disorders

hematologic  emergencies

127

new cases of a disease in a human population substantially exceed what is expected

Epidemic

128

an animal respiratory disease that has mutated to infect humans

Influenza

129

inflammation of the liver; early signs- loss of appetite, vomiting, fever, fatigue, sore throat, cough, muscle and joint pain. Late signs- jaundice, right upper quadrant abdominal pain

hepatitis

130

inflammation of the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord. Signs and symptoms: fever, headache, stiff neck, altered mental status

Meningitis

131

watery diarrhea, vomiting, fever, body aches, and bleeding

Ebola symptoms

132

shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

Dyspnea

133

exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs here

Lungs

134

oxygen passes into capillaries, carbon dioxide returns to lungs

Alveoli

135

senses blood’s carbon dioxide levels, regulates breathing rate and depth

Brain stem

136

inflammation and swelling of pharynx, larynx, and trachea, stridor and seal bark cough. Responds well to humidified oxygen

Croup

137

common cause of illness in young children, look for signs of dehydration, treat airway and breathing problems, humidified oxygen is helpful

RSV

138

usually affects newborns and toddlers, bronchioles become inflamed, swell, and fill, with mucus

Bronchiolitis

139

Airbourne bacterial infection that mostly affects children under 6, watch for dehydration and suction as needed

Pertussis

140

fever, cough, sore throat , muscle aches, headache, and fatigue. May lead to pnuemonia or dehydration

Influenza  type A symptoms

141

heart muscle can’t circulate blood properly, fluid builds up within alveoli and in lung tissue. Usually result of congestive heart failure

Acute pulmonary edema

142

COPD stands for

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

143

slow process of dilation and disruption of airways and alveoli

COPD

144

is most common type of COPD, loss of elastic material in the lungs

Emphysema

145

bacterial infection causing inflammation of epiglottis. Children are often found in tripod position and drooling. Position comfortably and provide oxygen

Epiglottitis

146

Causes of emphysema

inflamed airways, smoking

147

Pulmonary edema lung sounds

wet

148

COPD lung sounds

dry

149

is acute spasm of smaller air passages ( bronchioles )

asthma

150

is accumulation of air in pleural space

Pnuemothorax