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Flashcards in Test Study Guide Deck (152)
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61

the blockage of the coronary arteries

atherosclerosis

62

use when there is potential for danger

emergency moves

63

Necessary to move patient: With altered level of consciousness, With inadequate ventilation, In shock, In extreme weather conditions, Rapid extrication technique requires a team of knowledgeable EMTs.

urgent moves

64

used when both scene and patient are stable

Non urgent move

65

used in difficult to reach areas

Portable/folding stretchers

66

useful for confined spaces. Does provide immobilization

Flexible stretcher

67

immobilize seated patients

Short backboards

68

Alternative to backboards for immobilizing geriatric and pediatric patients

Vacuum Mattresses

69

remove patients from remote locations

Basket stretcher

70

Position of comfort for chest pain and respiratory problems

Fowler positions

71

is both the mechanical weight-bearing base of the spinal column and the fused central posterior section of the pelvic girdle.

The sacrum

72

How does oxygen reach body tissue?

through breathing and circulation

73

What Structures help us breathe?

diaphram, chest wall muscles, accessory muscles of breathing, nerves from the brain and spinal cord to those muscles

74

What does the upper airway consist of ?

nose, mouth, jaw, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx

75

What is the main function of the upper airway?

Warm, filter and humidity air as it enters the body

76

filters out dust and small particles, warms and humidifies air as it enters the body

Nasopharynx function

77

Lower airway function

deliver oxygen to the alveoli

78

Lower airway includes

trachea, bronchi, lungs

79

the pace between the lungs

Mediastinum

80

these systems work together to ensure a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients is delivered to cells.

Respiratory and cardiovascular system

81

the physical act of moving air into and out of the lungs

Ventilation

82

active, muscular part of breathing, the diaphragm and intercostal muscles contract.

Inhalation

83

passive process, diaphragm and intercostal muscles relax, smaller thorax compresses air into the lungs

Exhalation

84

infections, allergic reaction, unresponsiveness (tongue obstruction)

Intrinsic factors

85

trauma, foreign body airway obstruction

Extrinsic factors

86

atmospheric pressure, partial pressure of O2

External factors

87

pneumonia, pulmonary edema, COPD/ emphysema

Internal factors

88

Cheyne stokes often seen in patients with

stroke or head injury

89

irregular or unidentifiable pattern, may follow serious head injuries

Ataxic respirations

90

deep, rapid respirations, common in patients with metabolic acidosis

Kussmaul respirations