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Flashcards in test one Deck (62)
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1

the difference between music and noise

Music is organized sound over a period of time. Noise is irregular vibrations like cymbals, knocking, clapping.

2

the difference between hearing and listening

hearing is the drone of a person's voice; background music. Listening is internalizing what you are hearing; comprehending.

3

interval

distance in pitch between any two notes that a given voice or instrument can produce

4

range

distance between the highest and lowest notes of a melody

5

dynamics

degrees of loudness or softness in music

6

dynamics

pianissimo, piano, mezzo piano, mezzo forte, forte, fortissimo, diminuendo, crescendo

7

pianissimo

very soft (pp)

8

piano

soft (p)

9

mezzo piano

moderately soft (mp)

10

mezzo forte

moderately loud (mf)

11

forte

loud (f)

12

fortissimo

very loud (ff)

13

diminuendo

gradually softer (ppp) (pppp) >

14

crescendo

gradually louder (fff) (ffff)

15

accent

emphasis of a note; it is obviously played louder than those around it

16

articulation

specifies how individual notes are to be performed within a phrase or passage

17

staccato

when you sing or play the note shorter than noted, detached

18

legato

smooth, connected manner of performing a melody

19

tone color or timbre

quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another

20

melody

is a series of single pitches that add up to a recognizable whole

21

rhythm

short and long sounds and silences; compromised of beat, meter, syncopation, and tempo

22

harmony

how chords are constructed and how they follow each other

23

major

music based on a major scale; has a bright and happy feeling to the sound of music

24

minor

music based on a minor scale; has a dark, heavy, tense sound of music

25

consonance

tone combination that is stable and restful

26

dissonance

tone combination that is unstable and tense, may sound harsh

27

texture

how many different layers of sound you hear

28

tempo

the speed of the beat; basic pace

29

timbre or tone quality

what you hear at once

30

chord

a group of simultaneous sounding pitches whereas melody is a series of individual tones heard one after another