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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (46)
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1

Social control

Control of inmates interactions with the public and everyday life

Ex.) 1. Increase crime
2. Better at incarcerating
3. Longer sentencing
4. Death penalty

2

4 states with largest prison population

1. California
2. Texas
3. Florida
4. New York

3

Corrections

The programs, services, and facilities for management of individuals who have been convicted of a crime

4

How does society address violation of laws

1. Fines
2. Probation
3. Prison
4. Death penalty

5

What is prison?

Punishment/ revenge

6

Torture

Unnecessary punishment
Boiled/ burned people alive, branded, Iron Maiden

7

Corporal punishment

Hard labor, beating and abuse by prison

8

Capital punishment

Execution by the state

9

Outlaw

One who lives outside the means of the law

10

Bridwell system

Instilled hard work and labor as punishment, prisoners had to pay for facility upkeep, poor people are majority population

11

Debtor

Someone who doesn't pay their bills or owes the state money

12

Hulks

Ships prisoners were sent to Australia on from Europe

13

Beccaria

Italian thinker, said punishment must fit crime, people commit crimes b/c of free will, prevention of crime more important than punishment, need more humane prisons

14

John Howard

Father of penitentiary system

15

Penitentiary act 1779

1. Abolished fees while in prison
2. Secure and sanitize facilities
3. Inspections
4. Reform- rehabilitation

16

Penitentiary

A system where the inmate sits in a cell by themselves and asks God for forgiveness of their crime

17

1st jail in U.S.

Walnut st jail. Built by quakers and had penitentiary system

18

Why walnut st opened and closed

Opened because of overcrowding in prisons, closed because people were going insane

19

Who were originators of solitary confindment

Quakers

20

4 goals of corrections

Retribution, deterrence, incarceration, rehabilitation

21

Lex talionis

Eye for and eye

22

Penn. prison system

1. Isolation
2. Penitentiary system
3. Treated well
4. No corporal punishment
5. Work Alone
6. Costly

23

Auburn prison system

1. Congregate status
2. Strict discipline
3. Corporal punishment
4. Work together
5: self sufficient

24

Reformatory

Earn your way out, parole, treatment programs, education, criminal behavior, ticket to leave

25

1st reformatory 1901

Rahway reformatory for boys now called east jersey state prison others are bored town, mtn. View, garden state

26

Medical model

Psychology becomes used in prisons

27

Where there always be prison

Yes b/c there will always be crime, growth industry, punishment, violent offenders in prison

28

Why close Alcatraz

To costly

29

Sinilarities between Alcatraz and Clinton

Poor supervision of guards, escape methods were same, lack of searches conducted, and undue familiarity

30

Sentence disparity

Sentence is not the same for everyone of the same crime