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Flashcards in Term Paper [Practice] Deck (34)
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1

A manuscript title should

a. use abbreviations wherever possible
b. contain at least 30 words
c. be fully explanatory when standing alone
d. begin with the words A Study Of (italicized)

c. be fully explanatory when standing alone

2

Which characteristic of a manuscript helps readers anticipate key points and track the development of an argument in a study?

a. voice
b. verb tense
c. hypotheses
d. headings
e. all of the above

d. headings

3

Edit the following for the presentation of a series:

"The participants were divided into three groups: (1) experts, who had completed at least four courses in computer programming; (2) intermediates, who had completed one course in computer programming and (3) novices, who had no experience in computer programming."

a. leave as is
b. The participants were divided into three groups: (a) experts, who had completed at least four courses in computer programming; (b) intermediates, who had completed one course in computer programming, and (c) novices, who had no experience in computer programming.
c. The participants were divided into three groups: a) experts, who had completed at least four courses in computer programming; b) intermediates, who had completed one course in computer programming, and c) novices, who had no experience in computer programming.
d) The participants were divided into three groups: (a) experts, who had completed at least four courses in computer programming; (b) intermediates, who had completed one course in computer programming; and (c) novices, who had no experience in computer programming.

d) The participants were divided into three groups: (a) experts, who had completed at least four courses in computer programming; (b) intermediates, who had completed one course in computer programming; and (c) novices, who had no experience in computer programming.

4

Continuity in the presentation of ideas can be achieved through:

a. the use of only one type of punctuation
b. the use of transitional words
c. the use of the full range of punctuation to cue the reader to the pauses, inflections, subordination, and packing normally heard in speech
d. all of the above
e. b and c

e. b and c

5

Which of the following phrases is redundant?

a. a total of 68 respondents
b. has been previously found
c. in close proximity
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

d. all of the above

6

Colloquial expressions such as write-up (italicized), approximations of quantity such as quite a large part (italicized), and informal or imprecise use of verbs such as the client felt that (italicized):

a. diffuse meaning and weaken statements
d. add warmth to dull scientific prose
c. have a place even in serious scientific writing
d. can be used to enhance communication
e. are more acceptable in written as compared with oral communication

a. diffuse meaning and weaken statements

7

Which of the following should be used in scientific writing?

a. rhyming
b. poetic expressions
c. sexist language
d. none of the above

d. none of the above

8

Edit the following for the use of nonsexist language:

"The data in Table 2 are the proportion of male participants who selected the competitive action over the cooperative one on each trial and, similarly, the proportion of female participants who were willing to act aggressively on each trial."

a. leave as is
b. The data in Table 2 are the proportion of male and female participants who selected the competitive action over the cooperative one on each trial.
c. The data in Table 2 are the proportion of male participants who selected the competitive action over the cooperative one on each trial and the proportion of female participants who were willing to act aggressively one each trial.
d. The data in Table 2 are the proportion of males who selected the competitive action over the cooperative one on each trial and, similarly, the proportion of females who were willing to act in typically male fashion (aggressively) on each trial.

b. The data in Table 2 are the proportion of male and female participants who selected the competitive action over the cooperative one on each trial.

9

In choosing nouns referring to ethnic groups, one should use:

a. the preferred designation within a particular group
b. the standard terms of the media
c. anthropological terms
d. none of the above

a. the preferred designation within a particular group

10

Edit the following for verb tense:

"Wrightsman (2006) would demonstrate the same effect."

a. leave as is
b. Wrightsman (2006) demonstrated the same effect
c. Wrightsman (2006) demonstrate the same effect.
d. The same effect was demonstrated by Wrightsman (2006).

b. Wrightsman (2006) demonstrated the same effect

11

Which of the following sentences is grammatically correct?

a. Name the participant whom you found scored above the median.
b. The instructions that were included in the experiment were complex.
c. We had nothing to do with them being the winners.
d. None of the above is correct.

b. The instructions that were included in the experiment were complex.

12

Edit the following for the placement of modifiers:

"To manipulate ego-involvement, the respondents were given different average scores for their norm group."

a. leave as is
b. To manipulate ego-involvement, we gave the respondents different average scores for their norm group.
c. Manipulating ego-involvement, the respondents were given different average scores for their norm group.
d. The respondents were given different average scores for their norm group to manipulate ego-involvement.

b. To manipulate ego-involvement, we gave the respondents different average scores for their norm group.

13

Edit the following for the use of subordinate conjunctions:

"The more skilled athletes chose individual sports, while the less skilled athletes chose team sports."

a. leave as is
b. The more skilled athletes chose individual sports, and, at the same time, the less skilled athletes chose team sports.
c. The more skilled athletes chose individual sports, but the less skilled athletes chose team sports.
d. Both a and b are correct.

c. The more skilled athletes chose individual sports, but the less skilled athletes chose team sports.

14

In most cases, space once after all of the following punctuation marks except:

a. periods in a reference citation.
b. internal periods in abbreviations
c. periods ending a sentence
d. colons
e. b and c

e. b and c

15

Edit the following for punctuation:

"The confederate always sat to the experimenter's immediate left and the experimenter began the discussion by asking the confederate to evaluate the therapist's degree of empathy."

a. leave as is
b. The confederate always sat to the experimenter's immediate left; and the experimenter began the discussion by asking the confederate to evaluate the therapist's degree of empathy.
c. The confederate always sat to the experimenter's immediate left, and the experimenter began the discussion by asking the confederate to evaluate the therapist's degree of empathy.
d. The confederate always sat to the experimenter's immediate left. The experimenter began the discussion by asking the confederate to evaluate the therapist's degree of empathy.

d. The confederate always sat to the experimenter's immediate left. The experimenter began the discussion by asking the confederate to evaluate the therapist's degree of empathy.

16

Use a semicolon:

a. to set off a nonessential or nonrestrictive clause
b. to separate two independent clauses that are not joined by a conjunction
c. in references between place of publication and publisher
d. to do all of the above

b. to separate two independent clauses that are not joined by a conjunction

17

Edit the following for the punctuation of ratios:

"Moving from the lowest subordinate level of the organization to the highest executive level, the ratios of men to women were 1.2 to 1, 2 to 1, 6 to 1, and 14 to 1, respectively."

a. leave as is
b. Moving from the lowest subordinate level of the organization to the highest executive level, the ratios of men/women were 1.2/1, 2/1, 6/1, and 14/1, respectively.
c. Moving from the lowest subordinate level of the organization to the highest executive level, the ratios of men:women were 1.2:1, 2:1, 6:1, and 14:1, respectively.
d. Moving from the lowest subordinate level of the organization to the highest executive level, the ratios of men-women were 1.2-1, 2-1, 6-1, and 14-1, respectively.

c. Moving from the lowest subordinate level of the organization to the highest executive level, the ratios of men:women were 1.2:1, 2:1, 6:1, and 14:1, respectively.

18

Edit the following for punctuation:

"The children: none of whom had previously heard the story: listened as a master storyteller told the story."

a. leave as is
b. The children; none of whom had previously heard the story; listened as a master storyteller told the story.
c. The children . . . none of whom had previously heard the story . . . listened as a master storyteller told the story.
d. The children: -- none of whom had previously heard the story -- listened as a master storyteller told the story.

d. The children: -- none of whom had previously heard the story -- listened as a master storyteller told the story.

19

Punctuation is used incorrectly in which example?

a. The results were significant (see Figure 5).
b. Walker and Wang, 2009, reported results similar to those of Ho and Card (2001).
c. Rats that have sustained bilateral excitotoxic lesions of the ventral hippocampus as neonates develop behavioral abnormalities as adults (Powell et al, 2006).
d. "When sea turtles were studied, the effect was not seen" (p. 276).

b. Walker and Wang, 2009, reported results similar to those of Ho and Card (2001).

20

Edit the following for quotation from a source:

According to Diamond (2008), "the mind and brain often tend to work at a relatively gross level and only with effort (often in the form of inhibition) work more selectively, even in adults" [p. 4].

a. leave as is
b. According to Diamond (2008), "the mind and brain often tend to work at a relatively gross level and only with effort (often in the form of inhibition) work more selectively, even in adults" p. 4.
c. According to Diamond (2008), "the mind and brain often tend to work at a relatively gross level and only with effort (often in the form of inhibition) work more selectively, even in adults (p. 4)."
d. According to Diamond (2008), "the mind and brain often tend to work at a relatively gross level and only with effort (often in the form of inhibition) work more selectively, even in adults" (p. 4).

d. According to Diamond (2008), "the mind and brain often tend to work at a relatively gross level and only with effort (often in the form of inhibition) work more selectively, even in adults" (p. 4).

21

Which of the following examples needs a hyphen?

a. a posteriori test
b. Type II error
c. 12th grade students
d. unbiased

c. 12th grade students

22

Which of the examples contains incorrect capitalization?

a. During Trial 5, Group B performed at criterion.
b. Column 5, Row 3
c. The animals Purina Lab Chow after tail-punch administration.
d. In his book, History of Psychology (italicized), the author describes Small's first use of the white rat.

b. Column 5, Row 3

23

Edit the following for the format for anchor points on a rating scale:

"The respondents ranked each of the 30 characteristics on a scale ranging from "most like my mother" (1) to "most like my father" (5).

a. leave as is
d. The respondents ranked each of the 30 characteristics on a scale ranging from MOST LIKE MY MOTHER (1) to MOST LIKE MY FATHER (5).
c. The respondents ranked each of the 30 characteristics on a scale ranging from: most like my mother (1) to: most like my father (5).
d. The respondents ranked each of the 30 characteristics on a scale ranging from 1 (most like my mother (italicized)) to 5 (most like my father (italicized)).

d. The respondents ranked each of the 30 characteristics on a scale ranging from 1 (most like my mother (italicized)) to 5 (most like my father (italicized)).

24

Which word in the following sentence should be italicized?

"Snails were much faster when allowed to bathe ad lib in the acetylcholine solution."

a. acetylcholine
b. ad lib
c. snails
d. bathe
e. none of the above

e. none of the above

25

Which Latin abbreviation is used incorrectly in the following example?

"When management styles were compared (authoritarian vs. participatory), it was found that authoritarian managers, i.e., those who did not solicit or act on input from subordinates, did not do well in smaller organizations (e.g., corporations with fewer than 100 employees).

a. vs.
b. i.e.
c. e.g.
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

b. i.e.

26

Direct quotations:

a. must following the wording, spelling, and interior punctuation of the original source even if incorrect. Errors in the original source are indicated with [sic (italicized)].
b. must follow the wording and interior punctuation of the original source, but any spelling errors should be corrected.
c. should follow the original source but minor changes in wording, spelling, and interior punctuation are permissible.
d. None of the above is correct.

a. must following the wording, spelling, and interior punctuation of the original source even if incorrect. Errors in the original source are indicated with [sic (italicized)].

27

When citing a direct quotation from a source, be sure to give:

a. the authors' names
b. the year of publication
c. the page number or other locator, such as paragraph number
d. all of the above
e. the authors' names and the year of publication

d. all of the above

28

Choose the correct citation:

a. (Birman et al, 2005; Espin, 2006; Falicov, 1998; Hondagneu-Sotelo & Avila, 1997; Perez Foster, 2001)
b. (Greenleaf, 1977/2002)
c. Hondagneu-Sotelo & Avila, 1997; Falicov, 1998)
d. b and c
e. a and b

e. a and b

29

If no author is given for a source, put the source in the correct order in the reference list by:

a. moving the title to the author position and alphabetizing by the first significant word of the title
b. beginning the entry with the word Anonymous (italicized) and alphabetizing as if this were the author's name.
c. moving the journal title or publishing house to the author position and alphabetizing by the first significant word of the name.
Doing none of the above.

a. moving the title to the author position and alphabetizing by the first significant word of the title

30

In a reference list, when ordering several works by the same first author,

a. place single-author entries before multiple-author entries
b. write "ibid." for the first author's name after the first entry.
c. order them alphabetically by the name of the journal.
d. do all of the above.

a. place single-author entries before multiple-author entries