TEAS SCIENCE: Immune System Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 1 - BI214A > TEAS SCIENCE: Immune System > Flashcards

Flashcards in TEAS SCIENCE: Immune System Deck (19)
Loading flashcards...
1

Which immune system is a "nonspecific response"?

It's a collection of non specific barriers and cellular responses that serve as an inborn first, and second line of defense against pathogens?

innate immune system (remember it is not passive - it's active! Just 2nd in line)

2

Which immune system "responds to specific antigens"?

It's a kind of passive or active immunity in which antibodies to a particular antigen are present in the body?

adaptive immune system

3

pathogens can enter the body through ____ nodes, which contain a large # of antigen-presenting cells that can trigger the adaptive immune system

lymph nodes

4

The following are part of which immune system? are they internal or external?

skin, hair, mucus, ear wax, secretions (acid, salt, enzymes), Normal Flora

innate immune system, external

5

The following are part of which immune system? are they internal or external?

Antimicrobials, Inflammation, Interferons, Complement, NK (natural killer) lymphocytes, phagocytes (including APC)

innate immune system, internal

6

The following are part of which immune system? is it reactive or preventative?

Cytotoxic T-cells that kill pathogens

adaptive immune system, reactive

7

The following are part of which immune system? is it reactive or preventative?

B-cells that produce antibodies

adaptive immune system, preventative

8

A Complement is the group of proteins in blood serum and plasma that works with antibodies to destroy particulate antigens.

Is this part of the innate or adaptive immune system?

innate

9

The Dendritic Cell is an antigen-presenting cell that processes antigen material and presents it to T-Cells.

Is this part of the innate or adaptive immune system?

innate

10

Immunoglobulin is an antibody. Tre or False?

True

11

Macrophage is a large white blood cell that ingests foreign material. True or False?

True

12

A memory cell is a lymphocyte that responds to an antigen upon reintroduction.

Is this part of the innate or adaptive immune system?

adaptive

13

Phagocytosis is an ingestion of particles by a cell or phagocyte.

Is this part of the innate or adaptive immune system?

innate

14

A Plasma Cell is a white blood cell that produces a single type of antibody.

Is this part of the innate or adaptive immune system?

adaptive

15

A T-Cell is a white blood cell that matures in the thymus and participates in immune response.

Is this part of the innate or adaptive immune system?

adaptive

16

An Antibody is a blood protein that counterattacks a specific antigen.

Is this part of the innate or adaptive immune system?

adaptive

17

Antigens are substances on the surface of agents that act to identify them, to the body, as being native or foreign. T or F?

True

18

Antimicrobial us a substance that kills or inhibits growth of micro-organisms with minimal damage to the host.

Is this part of the innate or adaptive immune system?

innate

19

B-Cells are lymphocytes that mature in bone marrow and make antibodies in response to antigens.

Is this part of the innate or adaptive immune system?

Adaptive