Task 7 - Freud and Psychoanalysis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Task 7 - Freud and Psychoanalysis Deck (34)
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1

Freuds research methods

-medical case studies
-introspection + interpretation of therapist

2

Method of free association

-encourage patients to let thoughts run free and report honestly on whatever came to their mind
-patient stays conscious
-before: pressure technique

3

Intrapsychic conflict

-conscious: wants to be cured
-unconscious: fear of treatment

4

Seduction theory

-all hysterics must have undergone sexual abuse as children
-> symptoms function as defense
-Freud realized its wrong but: sexuality must still play a role

5

Dream work: 3 processes

1) displacement
-manifest content symbolizes latent content (with image less distressing)
-Defensive function

2) condensation
-2 or more latent thoughts condense onto a single manifest dream image

3) concrete representation
-manifest content represents latent content
-> concrete experienced sensations or hallucinations

6

Primary processes

-unconscious
-dreams and symptom formation
-children

7

Secondary processes

-conscious
-rational thought
-more mature
-regression to primary thoughts (can also be positive -> artists

8

Wish fulfillment hypothesis

-all dreams represent some element of the fulfillment of wishes
-often latent content: represents wishes
-manifest content: opposite of wish fulfillment

9

Freuds self analysis - his own development

-death of father -> depression
-his childhood dream
-> interpreted it as having 2 wishes:
-his fathers death
-mothers sexual attention

10

Oedipus complex

-infantile desire to possess opposite sexed parent for ones exclusive sexual pleasure
-get rid of same sex parent as major rival

11

Childhood sexuality

-much broader than normal adult kind
-generalized human sexual drive from birth

12

Stages of childhood sexuality

1) polymorphous perversity
-innate sexual pleasure from stimulation any body part

2) erogenous zone

3) oral zone
-early infancy

4) Anal zone

5) genital zone

13

Age 5

-conflict acute -> Oedipus complex
-child represses Oedipal wishes -> forces them into unconsciousness

14

Puberty

-latency stage
-positive feelings with same sex parents
-positive identification with that parent

15

Anal character

-parents strict in enforcement of toilet training
-orderly person
-parsimonious (geizig)
-obstinate (stur)

16

Oral character

-interested in oral activities -> eating, drinking, smoking...
-too little stressed by parents -> cheerful, optimistic
-too much stressed -> envious, pessimistic, acquisitive (habgierig)

17

The Id

-unconsciousness
-drives, instinct, needs
-pleasure principle
-like newborn baby
-selfish

18

Ego

-center of consciousness
-executive part of personality
-mediates among demands of Id, superego and reality

19

Superego

-pre conscious level
-outside of awareness but still accessible
-represents internalized ideals
-provides standards for judgement
-norms, values, moral

20

Id, ego, superego and hysteria

-hysterical symptoms represent compromises in which external reality is largely ignored

21

Different Defence Mechanisms (6)
-> compromises of ego

-displacement
-projection
-intellectualization
-denial
-rationalization
-identification

22

Displacement

-redirect an impulse toward a substitute target

23

Projection

-person does not acknowledge own acceptable impulses
-> attributes them to someone else instead

24

Intellectualization

-impulse- and emotion- charged subject is directly approached, but in a strict, intellectual manner
-avoids emotional involvement

25

Rationalization

-people act because of one motive but explain behavior on basis of another more acceptable one

26

Identification

-when Oedipus complex ends-> latency phase
-internalizing parents prohibitions against childhood sexuality
-> superego develops

27

Cathartic method

-developed by Jonas Breuer
-remembering a scene under hypnosis -> expressing long suppressed emotion -> symptoms disappeared

28

Pathogenic ideas

-memories of emotionally charged experiences that have been ‘forgotten’
-> stimuli that would normally arouse the memory now activated strangulated emotional energy
->conversions of emotional into physical energy
- only people who could be deeply hypnotized could be treated by cathartic method

29

Changes in treatment of mental disorders

-informal support by family
-asylums (like prisons)
-from prisoners to patients (‘medical’ , ‘moral’ treatment)
-neurologists: physicians interested in treatment of milder forms of mental problems outside fo asylums
-Charcot as major forerunner

30

Josef Breuer (1842-1925)

-patient Bertha Pappenheim, patient Anna O.
-developed cathartic method
-mentor to Freud