Diastolic and Systolic Heart Failure are ________ but ________.
"Ventricular chamber is unable to accept an adequate amount of blood during diastole at nml diastolic pressures and at volumes sufficient to maintain an appropriate stroke volume" is a proposed definition of __________.
That would be Diastolic Heart Failure
(also, EF is preserved)
Well, then. That means that "a pathophysiological abnormality of cardiac function is responsible for the failure of the heart to pump blood at a rate commensurate with the requirements of the metabolizing tissues" is one definition of _______.
Systolilc Heart Failure
(Also, just think inadequate emptying)
For the most part, in the SHF patient, they [do/ do not] typically also have DHF.
Conversely, DHF patients typically [do/ do not] exhibit ventricular dysfunction (SHF).
DO NOT (for the most part)
S/S, neurohormonal levels, ECG, and radiologic studies can differentiate between DHF and SHF.
After the confirmation of heart failure, what measure is utilized to distinguish DHF from SHF?
Cardiac catheterization is occasionally indicated for HF only when ________ is strongly suspected. (and even then, which type of HF is irrespective)
Time for Incidence/ Prevalence questions!!!! (YAY!!!)
Nope. Fuck that shit, they're stupid numbers, trust me.
But, just in case you're curious:
% of HF that is DHF?
See what I mean? Screw these numbers, I think one of them tried to steal your nifty hat the other day...
Per echo-dopplers, Left ventricle diastolic dysfunction have a [higher/ lower] overall mortality (adjusted for sex, age, and EF)
Sudden diastolic-mediated cessation of total metabolic activity, bitches!
In DHF, the following are [increased/ decreased]
Mass/Cavity (a ratio of sorts)
These suckers are increased.
So, in SHF, the following are [increased/ decreased]
LV Cavity size
End Diast. stress
End systolic stress
All are INCREASED
EF is decreased (duh)
In DHF, LV dilation typically does not occur, while it ALWAYS occurs in SHF.
So, what would cause LV dilation in DHF?
Ischemic insult or infarction
Therapeutic options for DHF?
ARBs may reduce morbidity, but not mortality.
Statins have been reported to reduce mortality in DHF as well as SHF.