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Flashcards in SY3 Understanding Politics Deck (228)
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1

Politics

The battles or struggles for power between different social groups and individuals

2

Power

The capacity to get your own way in society.

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Counter power

Term used to describe attempts to socially resist powerful groups. (Manuel Castells)

4

Coercion

Power arising from force or the threat of force. (Weber)

5

Authority

Legitimate power based on consent, where people voluntarily submit to the will of others. (Weber)

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Legitimacy

Where power becomes authority. People see existing power structures as right and acceptable

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Charismatic authority

Authority derived from the power of the personality and persuasiveness of leaders. (Weber)

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Traditional authority

Authority derived from a belief in long-standing customs. (Weber)

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Legal rational authority

Authority based on laws, rules and regulations

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Decision making

The power to make, influence and implement decisions which affect other people (Lukes)

11

Agenda management

The power to set agendas and therefore limit what's being discussed. Also called 'non-decision making' (Lukes)

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Wish manipulation

The power to shape people's minds i.e. 'ideological power' (Lukes)

13

Democracy

Government or rule by the people.

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Direct democracy

A form of democracy where all citizens or members of a community make the decisions themselves ('participatory democracy').

15

Referendums

Where the government allows the public a vote on a question about a particular issue or policy. (e.g. membership of the EU)

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Representative democracy

An indirect form of democracy where the people regularly elect representatives in free and fair elections

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Liberal democracy

A special form of representative democracy associated with respect for diversity and civil liberties

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Civil liberties

Personal and social freedoms which are guaranteed by law e.g. 'freedom of speech'

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Authoritarian states

Countries where the people's participation in political affairs is denied or severely restricted (i.e. the opposite of democracy)

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Dictatorship

Rule by a single individual or political entity (e.g. Hitler's Third Reich)

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Monarchical absolutism

A society where the Royal Family rule (e.g. Saudi Arabia)

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Junta

Rule by the military (e.g. Burma)

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Theocracy

Rule by religious leaders (e.g. Iran)

24

Totalitarianism

A term used to describe the most extreme forms of authoritarian government that rule through all encompassing propaganda, brutality and terror (e.g. North Korea)

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The great firewall of China

A term used to describe the attempts by the Chinese government to censor the internet within China

26

Chartism

A 19thC working class social movement which campaigned for every man to be given the vote in the UK

27

Suffragettes

Were members of women's organization (right to vote) movements in the late 19th and early 20th century

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Suffrage

Means the right to vote (also known as the 'franchise')

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Universal suffrage

When all members of the adult population have the right to vote

30

Parliamentary democracy

A term used to describe the UK’s system of representative democracy where the power of the UK parliament is sovereign