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Flashcards in Suture materials Deck (82)
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1

What are the properties of ideal suture? (13)

1. maintain tensile strength
2. nonelectrolytic
3. noncapillary
4. nonallergenic
5. noncarcinogenic
6. good handling
7. secure knots
8. minimal reactivity
9. dependable absorption or inert
10. inexpensive
11. readily available
12. easily sterilized
13. do not favour bacteria

2

What are the properties of ideal suture? (13)

1. maintain tensile strength
2. nonelectrolytic
3. nonca

3

What are two classifications of suture materials?

1. absorbable vs nonabsorbable
2. natural vs synthetic

4

What are 8 absorbable sutures?

1. collagen
2. surgical gut
3. polyglycolic acid
4. polyglactin 910
5. polydioxanone
6. polyglyconate
7. poliglecaprone 25
8. glycomer 631

5

What are 7 non-absorbable suture materials?

1. silk
2. cotton
3. nylon
4. polypropylene
5. polymerized caprolactam
6. polyester
7. stainless steel

6

What are the most important suture material properties to consider when deciding on what to use?

1. maintain tensile strength
2. noncapillary
3. good handling
4. secure knots
5. minimal reactivity
6. dependable absorption or inert
7. not favour bacteria

7

What are the features of surgical gut?

1. absorbable
2. small intestine of cattle and sheep
3. multifilament
4. formaldehyde treated
5. ionizing radiation
6. not autoclavable

8

What features does surgical gut not fulfill

1. only maintains tensile strength 50% @ 14d
2.picks up moisture (capillary)
3.
4. non-secure knots. Have to leave long tails because picks up moisture
5. minimal reactivity NO
6. phagocytosis so absorption unpredictable unpredictable
7. does not favor bacteria--NO--multifilament

9

What 1 feature does surgical gut fulfill

good handling

10

What 1 feature does surgical gut fulfill

good handling

11

What are the features of polyglycolic acid suture (dexon)

1. multifilament
2. synthetic
3. absorbable

12

What properties does polyglycolic acid fulfill?

1. maintains tensile strength-but short lived (20% @ 14d)
2.
3. good handling--saws tissue
4. secure knots--long tails b/c wiggles
5. minimal reactivity
6. dependable absorption )100-120days)
7.

13

What properties does polyglycolic acid not fulfill?

1. it is not noncapillary (braided)
2. it favours bacterial growth (braided)

14

What are the features of polyglactin 910? (coated vicryl)

1. multifilament
2. synthetic
3. absorbable

15

What properties does polyglactin 910 fulfill?

1. maintains tensile strength (50% @14, 20% @ 21)
2.
3. good handlinng--saws tissue
4. secure knots but make tails long
5. minimal reactivity
6. dependable absorption (40-90 days)
7.

16

What two absorbable multifilament synthetic sutures have very similar properties? What is 1 difference?

1. dexxon (polyglycolic acid)
2. coated vicryl (polyglactin)

coated vicryl absorbed a bit faster than dexxon so then maybe put coated vicryl in area where abcess/infection may occur

17

What properties does polyglactin 910 fulfill?

1. maintains tensile strength (50% @14, 20% @ 21)
2.
3. good handlinng--saws tissue
4. secure knots but make tails long
5. minimal reactivity
6. dependable absorption (40-90 days)
7.

18

What two absorbable multifilament synthetic sutures have very similar properties? What is 1 difference?

1. dexxon (polyglycolic acid)
2. coated vicryl (polyglactin)

coated vicryl absorbed a bit faster than dexxon so then maybe put coated vicryl in area where abcess/infection may occur

19

What are the features of polydioxanone (PDS)

1. absorbable
2. monofilament
3. synthetic

20

What properties does coated vicryl (polyglactin) not fulfil?

capillary
favours growth of bacteria

21

What properties does PDS (polydioxanone) fulfill?

1. maintain tensile strength

22

What properties does PDS (polydioxanone) fulfill?

all of them
1. maintain tensile strength (75% @14d, 58%@4weeks, 14%@8weeks)
2. noncapillary
3. good handling--can kink
4. secure knots
5. minimal reactivity
6. dependable absorption (180d)
7. does not favor bacteria

23

Why is PDS (polydioxanone) better than vicryl or dexxon?

much better strength retention
noncapillary
doesn't favor bacteria

24

What are the features of polyglyconate? (maxon)

1. absorbable
2. monofilament
3. synthetic

25

What properties does polyglyconate (maxon) have?

1. maintains tensile strength--similar to PDS
2. noncapillary
3. good handling--doesn't kink?
4. secure knots--can be slippery
5. minimal reactivity
6. dependable absorption (180 d)
7. does not favor bacteria

26

What are the features of poliglecaprone 25 (ethicon)

1. absorbable
2. monofilament
3. synthetic

27

What properties does poliglecaprone (ethicon) have?

1. maintains tensile strength (30% @ 14d)
2. noncapillary
3. good handling
4. secure knots
5. minimal reactivity
6. dependable absorption (60-90d)
7. does not favor bacteria

28

What is poliglecaprone 25 (ethicon) a good choice for?

subcutaneous/cutaneous closures where don't need strength for long after and for wounds where there may be a few bacteria left in the wound

29

What are the features of glycomer 631 (biosyn)

1. absorbable
2. monofilament
3. synthetic

30

What properties does glycomer 631 (biosyn) have?

1. maintains tensile strength (50% @ 21 days)
2. noncapillary
3. good handling
4. secure knots
5. minimal reactivity
6. depndeable absorption (90-110 days)
7. does not favour bacteria