Flashcards in Sustainable Development Deck (25)
What is sustainable development?
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
Who takes care of sustainable development now a days?
-UN Conference on Human Environment (Stockholm 1972), in which the UNEP (UN Environmental Program) was created
-World Commission on Environment & Development 1983 (Brundtland Report 1987)
What does the Brundtland Report (1987) state?
-Development at the expense of the environment
-The threat of global warming
-Resource depletion & poverty
-Population growth trends
-Jeopardizing in the future
Which are the three main elements of sustainable development?
Which are some of the progresses in terms of sustainable development, since the Brundtland Report (1987)?
-Greater access to energy/electrification
-Investment in green tech
-Renewable energy sources
-Income inequality prevails
-Greater use of resources
-Scarcity & shortages
Which are some of the critiques against sustainable development?
-Ambitious yet general summit decisions
-Increased debate & awareness (slow progress)
-Climate change as predominant
Which are the characteristics of the 17 Goals to Transform our World?
-Not legally binding; states as primary responsible
-Monitoring through indicators
-Annual report by Secretary-General
-Annual high-level meetings
What does global warming mainly consist of?
-Sea level & temperature rise
-Warming oceans, shrinking ice sheets & extreme natural events
-Trees flowering sooner
What does Goal #1: No poverty consist on?
Eradicating poverty rates
What does Goal #2: Zero hunger consist on?
Ending hunger, achieving food security, and doubling agricultural production
What does Goal #3: Good health and well-being consist on?
Ensuring clean water, sanitation, reducing diseases, reducing the global maternity mortality rate, reducing premature deaths, access to sexual and reproductive services, information, and education
What does Goal #4: Quality Education consist on?
Ensuring inclusive and quality education for all, basic literacy skills, and increasing the supply of qualified teachers
What does Goal #5: Gender equality consist on?
Ending discrimination and violence against women, eliminating all harmful practices against women, giving them equal right to economic resources
What does Goal #6: Clean water & sanitation consist on?
Achieving universal and affordable drinkable water for all
What does Goal #7: Affordable & clean energy consist on?
Ensuring affordable, reliable, sustainable & modern energy for all
What does Goal #8: Decent work and economic growth consist on?
Achieving higher levels of economic production through diversification, and improving resource efficiency
What does Goal #9: Industry, innovation & infrastructure consist on?
Providing fixed phone lines for people, and increasing the research of a country's infrastructure
What does Goal #10: Reduced inequalities consist on?
Appropriate legislation against discrimination, human rights, and ensuring protection in developing countries
What does Goal #11: Sustainable cities & communities consist on?
Ensuring housing, and protecting the world's cultural and natural heritage
What does Goal #12: Responsible consumption & production consist on?
Measuring efficiency of supply chains, managing environmental chemicals used for production, and encouraging companies to adopt sustainable practices
What does Goal #13: Climate action consist on?
Helping underdeveloped countries to be sustainable
What does Goal #14: Life below water consist on?
Expanding research on marine species and protecting these from illegal businesses, and reducing waste
What does Goal #15: Life on land consist on?
Ensuring conservation, restoration and sustainable use of territories, reducing degradation, protecting species, restoring degraded land
What does Goal #16: Peace, justice & strong institutions, consist on?
Ending abuse, exploitation and all forms of violence, granting access to justice for all