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Flashcards in Sustainable Development Deck (25)
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1

What is sustainable development?

Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs

2

Who takes care of sustainable development now a days?

-UN Conference on Human Environment (Stockholm 1972), in which the UNEP (UN Environmental Program) was created
-World Commission on Environment & Development 1983 (Brundtland Report 1987)

3

What does the Brundtland Report (1987) state?

-Development at the expense of the environment
-The threat of global warming
-Resource depletion & poverty
-Population growth trends
-Increasing trade
-Increasing investment
-Jeopardizing in the future

4

Which are the three main elements of sustainable development?

-Economic growth
-Social inclusion
-Environmental protection

5

Which are some of the progresses in terms of sustainable development, since the Brundtland Report (1987)?

-Less poverty
-Greater access to energy/electrification
-Investment in green tech
-Renewable energy sources
-Population growth
-Income inequality prevails
-Greater use of resources
-Scarcity & shortages

6

Which are some of the critiques against sustainable development?

-Ambitious yet general summit decisions
-Increased debate & awareness (slow progress)
-Climate change as predominant

7

Which are the characteristics of the 17 Goals to Transform our World?

-Not legally binding; states as primary responsible
-Monitoring through indicators
-Annual report by Secretary-General
-Annual high-level meetings

8

What does global warming mainly consist of?

-Greenhouse effect
-Sea level & temperature rise
-Warming oceans, shrinking ice sheets & extreme natural events
-Trees flowering sooner

9

What does Goal #1: No poverty consist on?

Eradicating poverty rates

10

What does Goal #2: Zero hunger consist on?

Ending hunger, achieving food security, and doubling agricultural production

11

What does Goal #3: Good health and well-being consist on?

Ensuring clean water, sanitation, reducing diseases, reducing the global maternity mortality rate, reducing premature deaths, access to sexual and reproductive services, information, and education

12

What does Goal #4: Quality Education consist on?

Ensuring inclusive and quality education for all, basic literacy skills, and increasing the supply of qualified teachers

13

What does Goal #5: Gender equality consist on?

Ending discrimination and violence against women, eliminating all harmful practices against women, giving them equal right to economic resources

14

What does Goal #6: Clean water & sanitation consist on?

Achieving universal and affordable drinkable water for all

15

What does Goal #7: Affordable & clean energy consist on?

Ensuring affordable, reliable, sustainable & modern energy for all

16

What does Goal #8: Decent work and economic growth consist on?

Achieving higher levels of economic production through diversification, and improving resource efficiency

17

What does Goal #9: Industry, innovation & infrastructure consist on?

Providing fixed phone lines for people, and increasing the research of a country's infrastructure

18

What does Goal #10: Reduced inequalities consist on?

Appropriate legislation against discrimination, human rights, and ensuring protection in developing countries

19

What does Goal #11: Sustainable cities & communities consist on?

Ensuring housing, and protecting the world's cultural and natural heritage

20

What does Goal #12: Responsible consumption & production consist on?

Measuring efficiency of supply chains, managing environmental chemicals used for production, and encouraging companies to adopt sustainable practices

21

What does Goal #13: Climate action consist on?

Helping underdeveloped countries to be sustainable

22

What does Goal #14: Life below water consist on?

Expanding research on marine species and protecting these from illegal businesses, and reducing waste

23

What does Goal #15: Life on land consist on?

Ensuring conservation, restoration and sustainable use of territories, reducing degradation, protecting species, restoring degraded land

24

What does Goal #16: Peace, justice & strong institutions, consist on?

Ending abuse, exploitation and all forms of violence, granting access to justice for all

25

What does Goal #17: Partnerships for the goals consist on?

Strengthening domestic resource mobilization, mobilizing financial resources, and implementing investment promotion