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Flashcards in Surgical Deck (18)
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1

hemostats and forceps; must be rinsed thoroughly under cold water prior to disinfection and sterilization

Surgical Instruments

2

surgery that improves blood flow to the heart

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)

3

smooth irregular surfaces in bone

Grinding

4

-handwashing technique aimed at reducing infectious agents to a minimum from the fingernails, hands and forearms -involves a timed, 5-minute systematic scrub with antimicrobial soap -begins with the hands and progresses to the forearms -once complete, hands must be kept above elbows to prevent contamination from body areas not included in the scrub -skin is then dried thoroughly with sterile towel

Surgical Scrub

5

a pressure chamber used to sterilize equipment requiring elevated temperature and pressure -must be dated prior to processing or will have to be reprocessed and rewrapped -distilled water is the solution used for sterilization -sterilization indicators should be used to ensure the proper temperature, pressure and time are reached

Autoclave

6

stabilize structures for dissection

Holding

7

restore anatomical lumen

Dilating

8

removal of all or part of the breast

Mastectomy

9

assess distal anatomy

Probing

10

maintain surgical site, free of excess fluid; remove surgical debris/irrigation fluid

Suctioning

11

control blood loss

Clamping

12

increase disability of the operative site by displacing adjacent organs

Retracting

13

-surgical instruments must be placed gently to prevent dust scatter -always open any package away from the body -break down if someone touches it without sterile gloves, reaches across it or otherwise contaminates it

Sterile Field

14

is done using sterile thumb dressing forceps

Suture Removal

15

the process of making something free from bacteria or living microorganisms; always wear proper PPE like gloves when cleaning and disinfecting surgical instruments

Sterilization

16

remove tissue from the body

Dissecting

17

increase access to the operative site

Enlarging

18

remove by cutting with scissors or a knife

Cutting