Subtest II - Grammar Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Subtest II - Grammar Deck (12)
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1

Coordinating conjunctions

and, or, but, nor, for, yet, and so are used to combine sentences.

2

Subordinating conjunctions

although, as, because, before, even though, since, when, etc. Used to combine sentences to make a complext sentence with a dependent clause. The dependent clause in a complex sentence contains the subordinating conjunction.

3

Clausal modifier

A clause that acts like an adverb or adjective and adds detail to a sentence.

4

Adverb clause

A phrase that begins with a subordinating conjunction and modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb.

5

Adjective clause

A clause that modifies a noun, pronoun, or other adjective.

6

Phrasal modifier

A phrase that functions as an adjective or adverb in a sentence. (Ex: at four o'clock, in the trash)

7

Appositional phrase

Identifies or describes a nearby noun. (Ex: Kevin, MY EX, is a businessman).

8

Count nouns

Refer to things that can be divided into smaller units that are spearate from one another. (Ex: a plate vs. some plate. A PLATE = count noun)

9

Noncount nouns

Refer to things that cannot be counted because they are regarded as wholes that are not divisible into parts, as a concept or substance. (Ex: some water vs. a water)

10

Modals

A set of English verbs that are used with other verbs to express capability, possibility, willingness, suggestion, or something similar. (Ex: can, could, may, might, will, would, should)

11

Verb complement

I told him TO BEGIN. I regretted HIS LEAVING HIS OLD JOB. Our boss requested THAT WE MEET TODAY.

12

Verbal phrase

WATHCING TELEVISION is her favorite pastime.