Substance Related (and other) Addictive Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Substance Related (and other) Addictive Disorders Deck (42)
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1

Substance use disorders involve:

An extensive variety of psychoactive substances; Wide-ranging physiological and psychological effects (effects mind and body on some level); Significant impairment and costs to the individual, relevant others (e.g., family, friends), and society in general

2

So many terrible things happen to people that get caught up in Substance Use such as...

Cause many people to lose everything they have (kids, money, home); Death is at top of the list; Also may cause accidents, suicide, homicide, overdose

3

Substance abuse effects on society are...

Tax money is spent on jail or prison because of dealing and possession

4

Family and friends are effected by those with substance use disorder because...

They have to watch them suffer and lose everything

5

Many students wonder: How much does a person have to drink or use drugs to have a “problem?”

The answer is that, generally speaking, AMOUNT IS NOT THE ISSUE! Two people could drink/use the same amount, and one may have a disorder while the other does not; What matters is: HOW DOES THE USAGE AFFECT THE PERSON’S HEALTH AND LIFE IN GENERAL? (Many ppl who drink/smoke daily do not meet criteria)

6

How does the usage affect the persons health and life in general?

Social/ family functioning, Relationships, Work, School, Multiple DWI

7

Use

Any ingestion/injection of a substance

8

Intoxication

Use has resulted in noticeable or impairing effects that can be physical or psychological

9

Abuse

A pattern of use that results (or could easily result) in personal, social, legal, or other problems in functioning

10

Dependence

A state in which one’s body or mind has adapted to the effects of a substance, resulting in cravings, tolerance, and withdrawal

11

Addiction

Often equated with “dependence”…compulsive seeking and use of the substance; loss of control over usage and obvious danger/impairment

12

The primary disorder in this realm is called...

(Insert Substance) Use Disorder:

13

Substance Use Disorders: Diagnoses

Symptoms need to co-occur within a period of 12 months; But only two symptoms need to co-occur within that period; Labeled as mild, moderate, or severe…depending on number of criteria met

14

A variety of other diagnoses for Substance Use Disorders pertain to:

Intoxication; Withdrawal (e.g., nicotine withdrawal is new to DSM-5); or “Persistent Effects”

15

“Persistent Effects” (Diagnosis of SUD)

(e.g., hallucinogen persisting perception disorder) where brain chemistry/ connections and sensory perceptions may be turned off

16

Five Main Categories of Substances

Depressants; Stimulants
Hallucinogens and Dissociative Anesthetics; Substances with mixed properties (*read in text)

17

Common examples of Substances with mixed properties (*read in text)

Nicotine, Marijuana, and Ecstasy

18

Depressants Effects

Have the effect of slowing down CNS functions, causing relaxation, mild euphoria or “buzz,” disinhibition, and drowsiness. (Also pain reduction)

19

Common examples of Depressants

Alcohol, Opiates (opioids or “narcotics”), Anxiolytics/Sedatives

20

Opiates (opioids or “narcotics”) (Category of Depressants)

Target pain reduction; Examples: heroin, morphine, hydro/oxycodone

21

Anxiolytics/Sedatives (Category of Depressants)

Calm anxiety or induce sleep; Examples: benzos (Xanax, Valium); sleeping pills (Ambien)

22

Stimulants Effects

Have the effect of enhancing or stimulating CNS functions, causing increased energy and focus, alertness, and more intense euphoria

23

Common examples of Stimulants

Caffeine, Amphetamines, Cocaine

24

Caffeine (Category of Stimulants)

the most widely used “substance”

25

Amphetamines (Category of Stimulants)

Examples: methamphetamine; Rx drugs like Adderall, Ritalin, Vyvanse, Dexedrine

26

Hallucinogens Effect

Largely affect sensory perception and conscious awareness, although the effects range widely (Distort experiences)

27

Examples of Hallucinogens

LSD (acid), psilocybin (mushrooms)

28

Dissociative Anesthetics Effect

Produce a “dream-like” detachment (and considered by many to be a specific class of hallucinogens)

29

Dissociative Anesthetics Examples

PCP (phencyclidine), ketamine

30

Biological Dimension of SUD

Hereditary influences; Dopamine reward/stress pathways; Brain chemistry alterations; Physiological Dependency