Subheadings from Boron (All 1st sem topics) by Keim Flashcards Preview

PHYSIOLOGY - 1st Year 1st Sem Comprehensive Exam > Subheadings from Boron (All 1st sem topics) by Keim > Flashcards

Flashcards in Subheadings from Boron (All 1st sem topics) by Keim Deck (61)
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1

____________ is the link between the organ and the gene.

Physiological genomics

2

Cells live in a highly protected _________.

millieu interieur

3

_________________ - operating through sophisticated feedback control mechanisms are responsible for maintaining the constancy of the millieu interieur.

Homeostatic mechanisms

4

Medicine is the study of _____________

"physiology gone awry"

5

The surface of the cell is defined by a _____________.

Membrane

6

The cell membrane is composed primarily of ____________.

Phospholipids

7

___________ form complex structures in aqueous solution.

Phospholipids

8

The ________ of individual lipids within a leaflet of a bilayer is determined by the chemical makeup of its constituents.

diffusion

9

Phospholipid bilayer membranes are __________ to charged molecules.

Impermeable

10

The _________ is a bilayer.

Plasma membrane

11

Membrane proteins can be _________ or _________ associated with the plasma membrane.

Integrally or peripherally

12

The membrane-spanning portions of transmembrane proteins are usually ___________.

Hydrophobic alpha helices

13

Some membrane proteins are _______ in the plane of the bilayer.

Mobile

14

_____________ can serve as RECEPTORS.

Integral membrane proteins

15

_______ can serve as ADHESION MOLECULES.

Integral membrane proteins

16

____________ can carry out the transmembrane movement of water-soluble substance.

Integral membrane proteins

17

_____________ can also be ENZYMES.

Integral membrane proteins

18

__________ can participate in intracellular signaling.

Integral membrane proteins

19

___________ participate in intracellular signaling and can form a submembranous cytoskeleton.

Peripheral membrane proteins

20

The ____ is composed of discrete organelles that subserve distinct functions.

Cell

21

The ________ stores, replicates, and reads the cell's genetic information.

Nucleus

22

___________ digest material derived from the interior and exterior of the cell.

Lysosomes

23

The __________ is the site of oxidative energy production.

Mitochondrion

24

The ___________ is not amorphous but is organized by the cytoskeleton.

Cytoplasm

25

____________ provide cells with structural support.

Intermediate filaments

26

__________ provide structural support and provide the several types of subcellular motility.

Microtubules

27

Thin filaments (_______) and thick filaments (______) are present in almost every cell type.

Actin
Myosin

28

Secretory and membrane proteins are synthesized in association with the __________.

Rough ER

29

Simultaneous protein synthesis and translocation through the __________ requires machinery for signal recognition and protein translocation.

Rough ER membrane

30

Proper insertion of membrane protein requires __________________.

Start-and-stop-transfer sequence.