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Flashcards in Strategies and Tactics Deck (611)
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91

The leading specific location where residential civilian fire fatalities are found:

_____% were trying to escape

_____% were sleeping

Bedrroms 55%

36%

35%

92

Certain areas in a house present a higher likelihood of finding a victim. Ex:

Paths of travel, Below windows, behind doors, hallways, bedrooms

93

______ are a component of the life safety concern

FF

94

Commonly referred to as "routine" fires.

Unless the occupants of a home are accounted for a ____ must be started if in offensive mode

1 and 2 family dwellings

Primary search

95

Hoarding task forces may be staffed with _____, _____, _____.

____ and ____ also need to be considered a concern for 1 and 2 family dwellings

Building inspectors, animal control officers, and first responders

Grow houses and Meth labs

96

1 and 2 family dwelling are not subject to inspections so ____, _____, ____ and ____ may be stored there.

There is almost always _____ and ____ in the structure

Flammable liquids, gas, explosives and poisonous chemicals

Electric and water

97

In a home with modern furnishings flashover can occur in ______.

______ is another danger to FF in a 1 and 2 family dwelling

1/2 the time as in one with legacy materials ( not sure about this)

Hoarding

98

Normal contents of a house add to the ____

This may be increased during the _______

Fire load

Holidays

99

New stone coated steel roofing is made from ____ gauge structural grade steel. These roofs have the highest strength rating.

Nearly _____ and Fire crew may not be able to _____

26

Impenatrable

Ventilate the roof

100

____ shingles add to fire old and fire spread

_____ ventilation is the method of choice in residential structures

Wood shake

Positive pressure
* not vertical because of roof construction

101

_____ add weight and make it difficult to ventilate a roof

Tile roofs

102

_____ and ____ both create individual components that contain the fire to room and contents

Platform frame

Masonry

103

IC at a fire involving a balloon frame structure should:

Extend a line to the fire floor and the attic.

The fire can also drop down these channels (burning embers)

104

The paths for least resistance in 1 and 2 family dwellings are:

Exteriors of houses made of _____, _____, and ______ will assist in spreading fire

Hallways and stairwells
* Close doors to confine*

Wood, vinyl, tar coverings

Brick concrete stucco and asbestos will not assist with fire spread

105

The strategic goal is to place hose streams in a position to prevent fire spread _____

If it appears the fire will not be contained to the structure of origin, work toward saving the ____

beyond the structure of origin

Block of origin

106

Difference between masonry (ordinary) home and wood frame homes lie in the ______

In masonry home walls are ____

Interior walls, floors and ceiling are ______

Very prevalent in southern states where hurricanes are prevalent
The construction methods used are _____ and ______

Load bearing walls

Cement, concrete block and masonry

Wood

Platform or post beam

107

2x4 inch wood member placed in the joist channel.

Fire stops

108

3 framing methods for wood frame construction

Post and Frame ( Plank and beam) - uses a few large wood members, rather than a lot of small wood frame members Ex. log cabins, great rooms

Balloon Frame - Uses 2x4 studs, framing members run from the foundation to the eave line. Prior to 1940 they did not include fire stops

Platform frame - Each floor is built as a box. Creates inherent fire stopping. * found in most contemporary construction standards
Ex. Split level, bi level and tri level homes

109

Most common construction types for 1 and 2 family dwellings:

Type V - Wood frame

Type 3 - masonry

110

Must have a working knowledge of building construction:

Understanding building construction is equivalent to _____

IC's, company officers and FF

Understanding Fire dynamics

111

Underwriter released a study identify gaps in current fire service knowledge

The gaps included:

Impact of : Door control, vent hole size, vent hole location, impact of flow paths between the hole and the fire, impact of modern fuel loads, exterior suppression with various flow paths configurations

112

50% of civilian fire fatalities occur in residential buildings between the hours of _____ and ___

This time period accounts for 49% of all fatal fires * Not just residential

Peak night hours are from ____ to _____

10 pm to 6 am

1a to 5a

Smoking was the leading cause of fatal residential building fires pg 213

113

In 2010 residential homes accounted for ___% of all structure fires and more than ____% in civilian fire deaths.

In the US, FD's respond to a residential structure fire every _____

Of their residential structure fires 1 and 2 family homes account for ____% of the fires and ____% of civilian fire deaths.

80

85

65 sec pg 213

58

71

114

In 2010 there were ____ fires
___ civilian fatalities
____ civilian injuries
$___ in property damage

There was a civilian death every ____ mins
and a civilian fire injury every _____

1,331,500

3120

17,720

11,593,000,000

169 mins

30 mins

115

The most common structure fire response in the US

Most common construction style:

1 and 2 family dwellings

Wood frame and masonry

116

The act of keeping the fire in the area, room, or building of origin:

Suppression

117

All FF's should understand:

Engines on board water tank is called:

A team of FF with apparatus assigned to perform a specific function in a designated response area:

Pumping principles

Booster tank

Company

118

You can stretch a hose but ( don't know what goes here maybe up) ______

In well involved buildings keep the apparatus out of the ______

A ladder

Collapse zone

119

Engine location ______

Ladder location ______

Aerial location _______

Should allow room for aerial trucks to access the front of a structure

Allow ladder max versatility

Allow access to the best scrub area - area that can be reached with an aerial ladder once the apparatus is set up

120

The function that the company is to perform determines:

Where the apparatus should be placed