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Medicine, Year 1 Block 6 (Psychological Medicine) > Stigma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stigma Deck (12)
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1

Define "Stigma"

Any physical or behavioural attribute which is negatively valued and leads a person to be regarded as unacceptable or inferior

2

Why do people stigmatise?

Human tendency to classify the world by selfhood and otherness. Self identity is reinforced through setting the sick apart.

3

What is Stereotyping?

Whereby differences in people become linked to characteristics

4

What is Discrimination?

Acting differently towards people based on a characteristic or behaviour

5

What are the five types of stigma?

Discreditable Stigma
Discrediting Stigma
Felt Stigma
Enacted Stigma
Courtesy Stigma

6

What is Discreditable Stigma?

Keeping stigmatising conditions hidden, except to close friends and family

7

What is Discrediting Stigma?

When a stigmatising condition cannot be hidden

8

What is Felt Stigma?

A sense of fear and shame due to one's condition

9

What is Enacted Stigma?

Discrimination felt by others

10

What is Courtesy Stigma?

Stigma felt by someone who is with the person open to stigma

11

What is the impact on individuals who feel stigma?

- Internalising
- Managing a spoiled identity
Via: Passing, covering, withdrawal or resisting

12

Give examples of how Stigma has provoked change in society

Gay movement
Black liberation
Disability movements
Fat advocacy