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Flashcards in Stats and Misc Deck (22)
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1

what is a latent error?

a condition of the system which is removed from the adverse event, ie system defect, may not be evident until a series of events creates the perfect storm.

2

name that ulcer: cameron

ulcer associated w hiatal hernia found on lesser curvature and caused by mechanical trauma, peptic injury, ischemia

3

name that ulcer: curling

associated with severe burn injuries

4

name that ulcer: cushing

assoc w elevated ICPs (intracranial hemorrhage)

5

name that ulcer: marjolin

occur w development of squamous cell carcinoma in a chronic wound

6

name that ulcer: marginal

occurs at the GJ in pts who undergo gastric bypass surgery

7

which two nondepolarizing paralytic agents are eliminated by liver and kidney? (thus adjust in renal and live pts)

vecuronium and pancuronium

8

which two nondpolarizing paralytic agents are eliminated by ester hydrolysis and Hoffman elimination?

cisatracurium and atracurium

9

diffuse st elevations?

post-pericardiotomy syndrome

10

treatment of post pericardiotomy syndrome?

NSAIDS

11

Name the vitamin deficiency: cardiomyopathy, growth retardation, pain

selenium

12

Name the vitamin deficiency: neutropenia, pigmentation changes, arrhythmias

copper

13

Name the vitamin deficiency: glossitis, anemia, brittle nails, cardiomegaly

iron

14

Name the vitamin deficiency: nausea, weakness, altered mentation

magnesium

15

Name the vitamin deficiency: poor wound healing, testicular atrophy, diarrhea and dermatitis

zinc

16

what type of renal failure uniquely is parenchymal but presents with FeNa <1%?

contrast induced nephropathy

17

Functions of IL1

acts on hypothalamus and causes fever

18

Function of IL2

promotes T lymphocyte proliferation and immunoglobulin production

19

Function of IL4

stimulates T cell differentiation and B cell activation

20

which cytokine is associated with cachexia

TNF alpha

21

energy source of brain/CNS normal and during starvation

normal: glucose
starvation: ketones

22

how does vitamin C help in synthesis of type 3 collagen?

its a cofactor in the hydroxylation of lysine and proline