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Flashcards in Soul Mind And Body Deck (20)
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1

Personal identity

Something that makes us the same over time
Genetics
Experienced etc

2

Bodily identity

Theory that you are your body and thoughts

3

Evaluation of bodily identity

+
Materialistic easy to understand account of parenthood
Consciousness explained through chemicals and electrical signals
-
Cut hand off, less me?
More than just a body that gives us rich experiences we have through consciousness

4

Psychological identity

Own memories and experiences thoughts and emotions, changing over time but linked to same mind that has them

5

Psychological identity evaluation

+
Accounts for human perceptual lives of humans
Account of ourselves rooted in the experience we have everyday
-
Went into coma and lost memories are we still us?

6

Psychological continuity theory

Person at one time is the very same person at a later time if and only if the person at the later time remembers the experiences from the earlier time

Chain of person stages connected by episodic memory

7

Same soul theory

Person at one time is the very same person as a person at a later time if snd only if the have the very same immaterial soul

8

Same body theory

Person at one time is the very same person as a person at a later time if and only if they have the very same material body

9

Physical continuity

Any point in time body is a little bit different from how it was before

10

Mind body problem

Problem of explaining how mental states,events and processes are related to physical states given that the human body is a physical entity and the mind appears non physical

11

Plato view on the soul

Reason
Spirit
Desire
Soul lives on
Heaven and hell
Linked to world of forms

12

Aristotle view on the soul

Die, soul doesn't live on
Soul and body as one
Prime mover started everything off
Everything has 4 causes

13

Qualia

Trying to explain what perception is in the mind

Something unique in human consciousness that can't be captured in material terms

14

Monism

Mind or body, world is reducible to 1 type of substance

15

Idealism

Denies existence of material substance
Objects of ideas that can't exist without being perceived

16

Materialism

No soul, what appears to us as mind of consciousness is rooted in the physical and material process of the brain

17

"I think therefore I am" descartes

Mind and body are separate substances

18

Empirical belief

What we know through senses

19

Substance dualism

Two sorts of substances exist- mental and physical, independent existence

20

Gilbert ryle says Descartes made a category error

He reduced everything to go mental or physical