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Flashcards in socialist key thinkers Deck (20)
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1

name two of karl marx and engels key works

the communist manifesto
das kapital

2

how did marx describe human nature

social and economic beings
specifically argued human nature has been corrupted by capitalism which encourages selfishness, ruthlessness and greed

3

what did marx argue capitalism has created

false consciousness

4

What two things did socialists reject from liberalism

-idea capitalism promotes prosperity and liberty
-idea state was politically neutral

5

Describe Marx and Engels work on the end of history

Recognised revolution to be essential
Suggested we would go through certain stages before socialism would be achieved

6

Name a Rosa Luxemburg work

Reform or revolution

7

Explain Luxemburg view on Lenin’s belief if a revolutionary elite

Rejected
Argued revolution could occur spontaneously after class consciousness had been awoken

8

Rosa Luxemburg advocated for a new democracy, what was it underpinned by

Common ownership, open debate and elections

9

Name the party Rosa Luxemburg establishes after the war

The German communist party

10

What are the four principles that Beatrice Webb had about socialism

1) capitalism was the cause of poverty and inequality - led to greed and selfishness
2) paternalism is not a solution to inquality
3) poverty and inequity were most likely to be eliminated through vigorous trade unionism
4) effective reforms are gradual not revolutionary

11

What organisation was Beatrice Webb involved with

The Fabian society

12

What was the Fabian society

An organisation committed to evolutionary socialism via reforms at Westminster r

13

Who is Antony Crosland

Senior Labour Party politician
Served in cabinet

14

What did Antony Crosland written

The future of socialism
The conservative enemy

15

What was Antony Crosland a view on public ownership

It had gone far enough
Was never the aim of socialism but merely a method for acheiving it

16

What did Crosland believe the true objective of socialism

Equality

17

What did Crosland do to break down class divisions

Comprehensive education
These are new schools for all abilities

18

What was the new strain of thinking championed by Anthony giddens

The third way

19

When did giddens publish the third way

1997 at the time of the GE

20

What did giddens think about human nature flourishing

If it was to flourish the state should retreat from economic management and would have to be more proactive to