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MCAT Psychology/Sociology > Social Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Psychology Deck (28)
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1

Self concept/self identity

defined as the sum of an individuals knowledge and understanding of his or herself. All your beliefs about who you are as a person

2

self-consciousness

awareness of one's self, self-concept includes physical, psychological and social attributes which can be influenced by the indificuals attitudes, habits, beliefs and ideas

3

Self-schemas

beliefs a person has about him or her self. Guide and organize the processing of information that is relevant to you

4

Personal identity

one's own sense of personal attributes

5

Social identity

social definitions of who you are (race, religion, gender, occupation)

6

Theory of self verification

states that individuals want to be understood in terms of their deeply held core beliefs

7

Self-reference effect

tendency to better remember information relative to ourselves

8

Carl Rogers

said that personality is composed of the ideal self and the real self

9

Ideal self

constructed out of your life experiences, societal experiences and the things you admire about role models

10

Real self

person you actually are

11

Incongruity

ideal self is often impossible to meet and is when the real self falls short of the ideal self

12

Impression management

process whereby we attempt to manage our own image by influencing the perception of others

13

Dramatergic perspective

stems from the theory of symbolic interactionism. We imagine ourselves as playing certain. roles when interacting with others

14

Back stage self

let down our guard and act like ourselves

15

Front stage self

craft the way we come across to others

16

Self efficacy

how good you think you are at doing something. High = you think you are good at doing something, Low = you believe you are bad at doing something

17

Locus of control

whether you think you have control over what happens to you

18

Internal locus of control

believe you have control over events

19

External locus of control

do not believe you have control over events

20

Learned helplessness

in extreme situations where people are exposed to situations they cannot control, learn not to. act because they. believe it will not affect the outcome anyways. Low self efficacy and a high external locus of control

21

Aversive control

occurs when behaviour is motivated by the reality. or threat of something unpleasant happening

22

Escape behaviour

termination of an unpredicted, unpleasant stimulus that has already occurred

23

Avoidance behaviour

avoidance of a predictable, unpleasant stimulus before it is initiated

24

Self esteem

one's overall self-evaluation of one's self-worth

25

Social learning theory

belief that learning takes place in social contexts and can occur purely through observation, even in the absence of motor reproduction. or direct reinforcement

26

social comparison theory

drive to gain accurate self-evaluations by comparing ourselves to others. Our identity will be shaped. by these comparisons and the types of reference groups we have

27

Looking-glass self

idea that a person's sense of self development from interpersonal interactions with others in society and. the perceptions of others. People shape their self-concepts based on their understanding of how others percieve them

28

Social behaviourism

developed by George Herbert Mead. The idea that the mind and self emerge through the process of communicating with others