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Flashcards in Social Justice Midterm Deck (50)
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Cardinal Virtues

-Based on the Latin word for "pivot"
-Four virtues that are viewed as pivotal or essential for full Christian living
-Prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance


Common Good

-The good that is collectively shared by a number of people
-Beneficial for all members of a given community
-Social conditions that allow for all citizens of the earth, individuals and families, to meet basic needs and achieve fulfillment promote the common good


Commutative Justice

-This type of justice calls for fairness in agreements and contracts between individuals
-Equal exchange of goods, money, or services


Corporal Works of Mercy

-Charitable actions that respond to people's physical needs and show respect for human dignity
-Traditional list:
-Feeding the hungry
-Giving drink to the thirsty
-Clothing the naked
-sheltering the homeless
-visiting the sick
-visiting prisoners
-Burying the dead



-A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are made


Culture of Death

-A term used to describe a society that does not hold human life sacred in all its stages
-Such a society creates structures of sin that allow human life to be attacked when it is most vulnerable


Culture of Life

-A term used to describe a society that holds all life sacred, from conception to natural death
-Such societies build social structures that protect and defend human life in all its stages


Distributive Justice

-The responsibility that society has for safeguarding essential human rights and ensuring the just distribution of the earth's resources
-special regard for those people whose basic needs are going unmet


Social Encyclical and Pastoral Letter

-A teaching letter from the Pope to the members of the Church on topics of social justice, human rights, and peace
-Pastoral letter: same thing but by a bishop



-A direct action, or a deliberate lack of action, that causes the death of a person who is handicapped, sick, or dying
-Violation of the 5th commandment


Fair Trade

-An organized social movement and market-based approach that aims to help producers in developing countries to obtain living wages for their labor



-The cardinal virtue concerned with the rights and duties within relationships
-The commitment, as well as the actions and attitudes that flow from the commitment, to ensure that all persons- particularly people who are poor and oppressed- receive what is due them


Legal Justice

-The social responsibilities that citizens owe their country and society
-Ex: joining the army if asked


Original Justice

-The state of complete harmony of our first parents with themselves, with each other, and with all of creation


Social Justice

-The defense of human dignity by ensuring that essential human needs are met and the essential human rights are protected for all people


Social Doctrine

-The body of teaching by the Church on economic and social matters that includes moral judgements and demands for action in favor of those being harmed



-The careful and responsible management of someone or something that has been entrusted to a person's care
-Includes responsibly using and caring for the gifts of creation that God has given us


Temporal Good

-The aspect of the common good that focuses on the material and social needs that are part of earthly life


Theological Virtues

-The name for the God-given virtues of faith, hope, and love (charity)
-Enable us to know God and God and lead us to union with him in mind and heart


Principles of Social Justice/ Catholic Social Teachings

-Life and Dignity of the Human Person
-Call to Family, Community, and Participation
-Care for God's Creation (Stewardship)
-Option for the Poor and Vulnerable
-The Dignity of Work and Rights of Workers
-Rights and Responsibilities


Life and Dignity of the Human Person

-All human beings have God-given dignity (Created in God's image and likeness)
-Christians are called to respect and protect human dignity
-Help others live to the fullest and live at basic level
-Fundamental theme that all catholic social teachings are based off of


Call to Family, Community, and Participation

-We are social creatures created by God to live in fellowship and community
-Highest priority in society is to protect and support a family
-Done by:
-Making jobs that pay well
-Portraying family in a positive way
-Making sure basic necessities are available
-Family has the right and responsibility to participate in society by benefitting it
-Political process
-Helping neighbors in need



-Definition: Union of one's heart and mind with all people
-Leads to the just distribution of material goods, creates bonds between opposing groups and nations, and leads to the spread of spiritual goods such as friendship and prayer
-All people are part of the same human family
-Signs: influential people share their goods, stronger and richer nations help weaker nations


Care for God's Creation (Stewardship)

-God has granted us stewardship of his creation
-The responsibility to take care of someone or something that has been entrusted in our care
-We go against this with pollution, not recycling, using pesticides


Option for the Poor and Vulnerable

-Rooted in the moral principle "universal destination of goods"
-Earth and all its goods belong to God, and he intends these goods to provide the things all human beings need to live with dignity
-Poor and vulnerable= their needs are greater than ours
-Preferential option for the poor: Freely choose the become friends with poor and take on their problems, or take action against injustices against these people
-Spiritually poor: special concern for those who experience spiritual poverty (Lack positive relationship with God)


The Dignity of Work and Rights of Workers

-The work is being done by a person= it is dignified
-Human work should contribute to the increase in goodness in the world, not detract from it
-Workers must be treated with dignity by other workers and their employers
-Rights of workers must be respected by business owners and protected by society


Rights and Responsibilities

-Because of equal dignity and value, every human has the right to the things necessary to life a dignified life
-Right to life (food, clothing, shelter, etc)
-Kinds of human rights:
Ex: Right to life, Right to worship God, Economic rights, right to immigrate and emigrate
-Rights extend to all people!!!
-Governments and institutions have the responsibility not to prevent people from exercising rights
-Individuals must fulfill their responsibility to participate in society and contribute to the common good
-Limits on rights: ex: private property is not unlimited (Provide for those in need)


Sources of Catholic Social Teaching

-Scripture: The Bible
-Tradition: Magisterium, Encyclicals, Pastoral Letters


"Seamless Garment"

-From a Consistent Ethic of Life by Joseph Cardinal Bernardin
-Every consistent ethic of life issue is connected like a seam on clothing
-You cannot ignore one because the are all intertwined


"Two Feet" of Social Action

-Social Justice and Charitable works