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Flashcards in Social Facilitation Deck (18)
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1

Originally proposed by who?

Triplett 1898

2

Triplett 1898

Saw cyclists were faster when part of a group than when completing laps individually and hence decided to replicate with children where he instructed them to wind string onto a reel as fast as they could. He found that children who performed the task amongst others were quicker.
He suggested "an improvement in performance due to the mere presence of others"
An effect he called social facilitation

3

Quote by Triplett 1898

"An improvement in performance due to the mere presence of others"

4

Dashiell 1935

supported the idea of social facilitation by finding that the presence of an audience facilitated performance by increasing the amount of simple multiplications completed

5

However, who found contradictory results?

Pessin 1933

6

what did Pessin 1933 find

subjects needed more trials at learning nonsense words in a list in front of an audience
this is called social inhibition

7

What is social inhibition

the tendency to perform worse when performing in front of an audience

8

It was concluded what?

that the extent of social facilitation/inhibition depends upon the nature of the interaction between the task and the performer

9

there are 2 types of social facilitation

co action effects
audience effects

10

co action effects

performance increases by others doing the same task

11

audience effects

passive audience effects

12

co action effects
3 studies

Triplett 1898
Chen 1937
Platt, Yaksh and Darby 1967

13

Audience effects
2 studies

Pessin 1933
Dashiell 1935

14

Co action effects
Chen 1937

worker ants will more than 3x as much sand when working alongside other ants than on their own

15

co action effects
Platt, Yaksh and Darby 1967

Animals will eat more of their food is there are other species present

16

Question proposed by who

Allport 1954

17

What question did Allport 1954 propose

how does solitary performance change when other's are present?

18

ORDER

What is SF- Triplett 1898
Support by Dieshall 1935
However by Pessin 1933
Concluded
2 Types; Co action- Triplett 1898, Chen 1937, Darby, Yaksh and Platt 1967
Audience- Pessin 1933, Dashiell 1935