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Flashcards in Small Animal Nursing Deck (537)
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226

What is a primary tooth?

baby teeth (deciduous)

227

What is known as a normal occlusion?

Scissor Occlusion

228

What are the 4 bones of the face that house the teeth?

incisive, maxilla, mandible, and pallatine(roof of mouth)

229

An example of a cat's maxillary with the 4 and 9 rule. Mandible?

204-206-207-208-209 (left upper q 2)
304-307-308-309 (left lower q 3)

230

T/F The front maxilla is slightly in front of the mandible incisor

true

231

What is periodontal disease caused by?

plaque

232

What is the first sign of periodontal disease?

gingivitis

233

The use of appropriate procedures and/or techniques to prevent dental and oral disease and malformation

dental prophylaxis

234

A deciduous tooth is considered persistent when it is present in the mouth together with its permanent counterpart.

Persistent primary teeth

235

When using an ultrasonic scaler to clean teeth, what is the method that the cleaning happens?

Vibration of the instrument

236

T/F You can use and record results using a periodontal probe even if there is bridging calculus on the teeth.

false

237

What is a normal probe for a dog? Cat?

1-3mm
0.5-1mm

238

How many roots does the carnasial tooth have?

3

239

What is the first sign clients notice?

bad breath (halitosis)

240

T/F It's best to use the periodontal probe first before you make any changes to the mouth with dental scaling and polishing

false

241

When the upper and lower incisor teeth meet each other edge to edge

Level bite

242

What is the 4 and 9 rule?

The canine tooth always ends in a 4, and the first molar always ends in a 9. Then you can count forward or backwards in the dental arch as needed.

253

Which of the following is not given as a common mistake when polishing teeth?
a. Using too much pressure
b. Not using the correct PSI for the hand piece
c. Running the speed too high
d. Using too much polish

d. Using too much polish

254

Dolichocephalic give me one breed of cat and dog that has this skull shape

Grey hound, Siamese

255

The K-9 carnassial tooth or 4th premolar has how many roots?

3

256

The last molar has how many roots?

1

257

Which premolar has one root?

the first premolar maxilla

258

Define the cementoenamel junction.

the junction where the crown and root meet

259

The majority of the tooth (70%) is comprised of?

dentin

260

What is the pulp of the tooth?

where the blood vessels and nerves are in

261

The root is covered with _____ which anchors the tooth along with the _____ which attaches the tooth to the alveolar bone.

cementum, periodotium ligament

262

Measures the depth of the gingival pockets

probe

263

Used to remove plaque, tarter from the roots

curette

264

Used to remove plaque or tartar supragingivally

scaler

265

Used to feel for roughness areas or residual calculus on the tooth surface, resorptive areas, and open canals in broken teeth

explorer