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Flashcards in Small Animal Nursing Deck (537)
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211

Canine teeth are?

tearing and grasping teeth

212

Molars are?

grinding/shredding teeth (caudal cheek teeth)

213

Premolars are?

grinding/shredding teeth (rostral cheeck teeth)

214

Incisor teeth are?

gnawing teeth (most rostral teeth of upper and lower arcade)

215

The shepherd's hook explorer is used to check for

roughness

216

Which of the following is NOT true about hand scalers:
a. They are not to be used below the gumline
b. The have a sharp point
c. They are triangular in shape
d. They are delicate instruments

d. They are delicate instruments

217

What is a dental quadrant?

Divisions used to aid in numbering the teeth (Tridan system). It divides the mouth into 4 parts, half of each dental arch when divided at the midline.

217

How many quadrants are in the mouth?

Four

217

How many incisors are in the mandible?

Six

217

How many molars are in the maxilla of the dog? How many molars are in the maxilla of the cat? How many molars are in the mandible of the dog?

4, 2, 6

217

How many molars are in the mandible of the cat? How many three rooted teeth are in the mandible?

2, none

217

How many roots does the incisor have?

One

217

How many incisors are in the maxilla?

Six

217

How many premolars are in the maxilla of a cat?

6 Adult, 0 Kitten

217

How many premolars are in the mandible of the dog?

8

217

How many premolars are in the mandible of the cat?

4

217

How many molars are in the maxilla of the dog? How many roots does a molar have?

4, 1-3

217

How do you chart a tooth using the anatomic method?

Tooth type and number of the tooth
Ex I2 (2nd incisor lower right mandible)
2M (2nd molar upper right maxilla)

218

What is the carnassial tooth of the maxilla? What is the carnassial tooth of the mandible?

4th maxillary premolar-dog, 1st Molar- dog and cat

218

Enamel covers the dentin on the crown and cementum covers the dentin that covers the ____.

root

218

Inner most portion of the tooth, lined by odontoblasts

Pulp chamber

218

Each tooth has 4 surfaces. Name each surface and give a definition of its location.

1) Labial-direction toward the outside of the teeth usually towards the lips, maxilla; anterior teeth only
2) Buccal- direction toward the outside of the teeth, usually towards the cheeks, mandible and maxilla; only the posterior teeth
3) Palatal-direction of the inside surface of the teeth of the maxilla, facing the hard palate
4) Lingual-direction of the inside surface of the teeth of the mandible, facing the tongue
5) Distal- surface of the tooth that is away from the midline arch
6) Mesial-toward the midline of the dental arch
7) Occlusal-chewing surface of the caudal teeth
8) Incisal- Biting surface the anterior teeth

218

How many roots does the first premolar of a dog have?

1

219

T/F The canine is always either 104, 204, 304, or 404

true

220

The cusp of the tooth means the _____ of the tooth.

top

221

The main goal of dentals are to

prevent periodontal diease

222

The mandible incisors are what type of directional term?

labial

223

How do you chart a tooth using the anatomic metho?

Tooth type and number of the tooth
Ex I2 (2nd incisor lower right mandible)
2M (2nd molar upper right maxilla)

224

How do you chart a tooth using the Tridan method?

Quadrant (1, 2, 3, 4)
First number identifies the quadrant
2nd and 3rd identify the tooth

225

How do you count the quadrants?

Right-1, Left-2, Left Back-3, Right Back-4