Flashcards in Small Animal Nursing Deck (537)
Normal pulse is ______ with the heartbeat and should be the same rhythm as the heart.
If a pulse is lacking fullness this is known as?
thready or weak
Term used to describe a very strong pulse
What is cardiac output?
volume of blood pumped by the heart each minute
What is stroke volume?
volume of blood ejected per heart beat
Normal respiratory rate?
Cardiac output is determined by ____ and _____.
stroke volume and heart rate
How can tissue and organ perfusion be assessed by?
-palpation of peripheral pulses
________ is a valuable indicator of renal perfusion.
What can yellow mm indicate? Brown? Moistness? Red? Blue?
1) liver disease, hemalysis, obstruction of bile flow
2) tylenol in cats, met hemoglobin
3) hydration status
4) blood loss, anemia, vasodilation
5) hypoxemia, cynosis
What are some clinical signs of a patient with dypsnea or in respiratory distress?
-standing rather than sitting
-open mouth breathing
-abduction of the elbows
What are some physiological signs of an animal in pain?
tachycardia, vasoconstriction, dilated pupils
What is the normal urine output?
What is Prerenal? Postrenal?
-Prerenal: blood flow (cardiac issues, dehydration)
-Postrenal: blockage (obstruction)
Diseases that require close observation of renal output are?
-Acute renal disease
What is known as heat stroke?
Weight changes can indicate ____ loss
_______ class of drugs dry the mouth and slow down secretions.
What is a normal CRT?
Normal heart rate for dog? Cat?
cat: up to 200
1 liter of fluid loss = __ kg
MM evaluation gives indication of what two major systems?
cardiac and respiratory
What is a compensatory mechanism of the heart to increase cardiac out put?
Where are places to check for mm besides the mouth?
What is the term for constricted pupils?
What temperature do you worry about for pathology? What about effecting organs?
What tool do you not use to heat up an animal?
electric heating pads
What are some ways to cool down an animal?
-alcohol on paw pads
-active cooling by wet towel and fan (convection)
Cooling by convection means
Cooling by contact with something cool