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Flashcards in Small Animal Nursing Deck (537)
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31

Normal pulse is ______ with the heartbeat and should be the same rhythm as the heart.

synchronous

32

If a pulse is lacking fullness this is known as?

thready or weak

33

Term used to describe a very strong pulse

bounding

34

What is cardiac output?

volume of blood pumped by the heart each minute

35

What is stroke volume?

volume of blood ejected per heart beat

36

Normal respiratory rate?

10-30 bpm

37

Cardiac output is determined by ____ and _____.

stroke volume and heart rate

38

How can tissue and organ perfusion be assessed by?

-palpation of peripheral pulses
-mm color
-CRT
-body temperature

39

________ is a valuable indicator of renal perfusion.

urine output

40

What can yellow mm indicate? Brown? Moistness? Red? Blue?

1) liver disease, hemalysis, obstruction of bile flow
2) tylenol in cats, met hemoglobin
3) hydration status
4) blood loss, anemia, vasodilation
5) hypoxemia, cynosis

41

What are some clinical signs of a patient with dypsnea or in respiratory distress?

-standing rather than sitting
-extended neck
-open mouth breathing
-abduction of the elbows
-flaring nostrils

42

What are some physiological signs of an animal in pain?

tachycardia, vasoconstriction, dilated pupils

43

What is the normal urine output?

1-2ml/kg/hr

44

What is Prerenal? Postrenal?

-Prerenal: blood flow (cardiac issues, dehydration)
-Postrenal: blockage (obstruction)

45

Diseases that require close observation of renal output are?

-Acute renal disease
-Cardiac disease
-Dehydrated patients
-Shocky patients

46

What is known as heat stroke?

hyperthermia

47

Weight changes can indicate ____ loss

fluid

48

_______ class of drugs dry the mouth and slow down secretions.

anticholinergics

49

What is a normal CRT?

1-2 sec

50

Normal heart rate for dog? Cat?

dog: 80-120
cat: up to 200

51

1 liter of fluid loss = __ kg

1kg

52

MM evaluation gives indication of what two major systems?

cardiac and respiratory

53

What is a compensatory mechanism of the heart to increase cardiac out put?

tachycardia

54

Where are places to check for mm besides the mouth?

-prepuce/vulva
-conjunctiva

55

What is the term for constricted pupils?

miotic

56

What temperature do you worry about for pathology? What about effecting organs?

97, 92

57

What tool do you not use to heat up an animal?

electric heating pads

58

What are some ways to cool down an animal?

-alcohol on paw pads
-IV fluids
-active cooling by wet towel and fan (convection)

59

Cooling by convection means

Cooling by contact with something cool

60

T/F Because extreme thermal injury can break the brain's temperature set-point it is important not to 'over cool' a patient and drop them to below normal body temperature.

true