Small Animal Nursing Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Technician > Small Animal Nursing > Flashcards

Flashcards in Small Animal Nursing Deck (537)
Loading flashcards...
1

Acepromazine causes what?

vasodilation which leads to hypotension

2

What is a normal dog's temperature?

100-102.5

3

What is perfusion?

blood flow to the tissues and organs

4

What is known as an elevated temperature?

hyperthermia

5

What are the 4 major systems that are vital for a patient to live?

neuro (central ns), respiratory, cardiac, urinary (renal)

6

What are the 4 parts of a nursing plan?

1) Assessment (collection and analysis of data)
2) Planning (setting goals for patient)
3) Implementation (do what discussed in plan)
4) Evaluation (observe patient for improvement or deterioration)

7

Assesment->______->analysis->______->implementation->_______

data collection, planning, evaluation

8

How do you evaluate respiratory?

CRT, breathing patterns, blood gases

9

How do you evaluate cardiac?

CRT, heart rate, pulse, rhythm and quality, ECG, blood pressure

10

How do you evaluate renal?

urine output, laboratory values, color of urine

11

What are the vitals?

temperature, pulse, respiration

12

How do you evaluate hepatic?

presence of icterus, laboratory values, edema

13

What's the difference between a depressed and dull animal?

depressed to be in the hospital but happy to be out of the hospital, dull unresponsive and does not necessarily care about being out of the kennel

14

What are the common causes for mucous membranes to be pale or white?

anemia, vasoconstriction

15

What are the most common causes of mucous membranes to be excessively red?

vasodilation, fever, venous pooling

16

What can cause a shortened CRT? (<1sec)

anxiety, fever, pain, shock

17

What can cause a lengthened CRT?

late shock, heart disease

18

Increase in carbon dioxide in the blood is called?

hypercapina

19

The amount and composition of blood in the underlying capillary beds is indicated by

mucous membrane color

20

What are overlooked of patient care besides cleanliness?

environment, temperature, noise, hygiene, smell

21

How can technicians avoid errors according to the DOVE article?

readback method, checklist

22

How would you implement a plan at your hospital for a nosocomial patient?

-microbial cleaning
-changing disinfectants
-proper dilutions and time

23

What order do you treat animals according to the DOVE video?

isolation patients last

24

Explain protocols to prevent infectious diseases.

-don't bring anything in the isolation room have it already in there
-foot bath for 30 seconds
-PPE booties first, gloves second, gown third remove in isolation
-wash hands

25

How often do you move patients with decubital ulcers (bed sores)?

2-4 hours

26

What are the tests on a chemistry that test renal function, which is more accurate?

BUN and Creatinine (more accurate)

27

What is the only part of a urinalysis that tests renal function?

specific gravity

28

If an animal's pupils are unequal what system could be causing this?

neuro

29

Where can you take an animal's pulse?

-Femoral artery (most common, hard to palpate in cats)
-Dorsal pedal artery

30

What do you assess when taking the pulse?

-rhythm
-rate
-quality