Flashcards in Small Animal Nursing Deck (537)
Acepromazine causes what?
vasodilation which leads to hypotension
What is a normal dog's temperature?
What is perfusion?
blood flow to the tissues and organs
What is known as an elevated temperature?
What are the 4 major systems that are vital for a patient to live?
neuro (central ns), respiratory, cardiac, urinary (renal)
What are the 4 parts of a nursing plan?
1) Assessment (collection and analysis of data)
2) Planning (setting goals for patient)
3) Implementation (do what discussed in plan)
4) Evaluation (observe patient for improvement or deterioration)
data collection, planning, evaluation
How do you evaluate respiratory?
CRT, breathing patterns, blood gases
How do you evaluate cardiac?
CRT, heart rate, pulse, rhythm and quality, ECG, blood pressure
How do you evaluate renal?
urine output, laboratory values, color of urine
What are the vitals?
temperature, pulse, respiration
How do you evaluate hepatic?
presence of icterus, laboratory values, edema
What's the difference between a depressed and dull animal?
depressed to be in the hospital but happy to be out of the hospital, dull unresponsive and does not necessarily care about being out of the kennel
What are the common causes for mucous membranes to be pale or white?
What are the most common causes of mucous membranes to be excessively red?
vasodilation, fever, venous pooling
What can cause a shortened CRT? (<1sec)
anxiety, fever, pain, shock
What can cause a lengthened CRT?
late shock, heart disease
Increase in carbon dioxide in the blood is called?
The amount and composition of blood in the underlying capillary beds is indicated by
mucous membrane color
What are overlooked of patient care besides cleanliness?
environment, temperature, noise, hygiene, smell
How can technicians avoid errors according to the DOVE article?
readback method, checklist
How would you implement a plan at your hospital for a nosocomial patient?
-proper dilutions and time
What order do you treat animals according to the DOVE video?
isolation patients last
Explain protocols to prevent infectious diseases.
-don't bring anything in the isolation room have it already in there
-foot bath for 30 seconds
-PPE booties first, gloves second, gown third remove in isolation
How often do you move patients with decubital ulcers (bed sores)?
What are the tests on a chemistry that test renal function, which is more accurate?
BUN and Creatinine (more accurate)
What is the only part of a urinalysis that tests renal function?
If an animal's pupils are unequal what system could be causing this?
Where can you take an animal's pulse?
-Femoral artery (most common, hard to palpate in cats)
-Dorsal pedal artery