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Flashcards in Skin Anatomy Deck (21)
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1

What is the largest organ in the body?

Skin

2

What are the functions of the skin?

Mechanical protection, Body temperature regulation, Vitamin D synthesis, Salt excretion, Non-specific immunity, Tactile sensation

3

What are the layers of the epidermis?

Stratum:
Corneum,
Lucidum,
Granulosum,
Spinosum,
Basale

4

What cells produce pigments in the skin?

Melanocytes

5

What cells have are immune cells in the epidermis?

Langerhan's cells

6

What types of sense receptors are in the epidermis?

Merkel Cells, Free nerve endings

7

Where is the epidermis thickest?

Soles and palms

8

What are the two layers of the dermis?

Papillary and reticular layer

9

What is the papillary layer of the dermis made of?

Loose CT w/ fibroblasts; collagen

10

What type of sensory receptors are in the dermis?

Meissner's corpuscles (pressure) and Krause corpuscles (cold)

11

What is the deepest layer of skin?

Hypodermis/Subcutaneous layer

12

What type of receptor is in the hypodermis?

Pacinian corpuscles (vibration); Ruffini sensory corpuscles (joint proprioception)

13

What types of glands are sweat glands?

Eccrine or Apocrine

14

Eccrine glands are innervated by what?

Cholinergic nerves

15

What do eccrine glands produce?

Water and salts

16

What do eccrine glands try to regulate?

Temperature

17

What are apocrine nerves innervated by?

Adrenergic nerves

18

What do apocrine glands secrete?

Oily mixtures

19

Where are sebaceous glands?

Everywhere except thick skin in palms and soles

20

What are the most abundant locations of sebaceous glands?

Scalp and face

21

What type of glands are sebaceous glands?

Holocrine glands