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Flashcards in Shoes and Therapeutic Footwear Deck (37)
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1

how can footwear maximize function

enhance shock absorption
reduce shear stress on the foot
accommodate/support the deformity
relieve pressure on sensitive areas

2

what is the toe box

room available for the toe

3

What should you consider first when enhancing function

consider footwear first before orthosis

4

what is the quarter on a shoe

it is considered the high top part of a shoe

5

where is the vamp of a shoe

located in the front part of the shoe

6

what is the throat of a shoe

the front of the shoe where the tongue inserts
determines how wide the shoe can be opened

7

how much room should one have in the tow box length when in standing

they should have 1/2 inch past the longest toe

8

what type of person would need extra toe box height

someone with hammertoe, clawfoot, corns/calluses would need extra room in that area

9

what is the shoe last

it is the 'curve' of a shoe; also the form or mold around which a shoe is constructed

10

what type of shoe last would a pronater fit best in

a straight last

11

what type of shoe last provides stability

a board lasted shoe last which is also hard and fibrous

12

what type of shoe last is lighter and more flexible

a slip lasted shoe last which has no insole board

13

what is the typical heel height

3/4 inch

14

what happens if you have too much heel

decreased WB surface and puts the foot into PF while loading the forefoot
tilts the leg forward providing excessive stance phase and knee flexion

15

what happens if the heel is too low

decreased PF
produces knee hyperextension

16

What is the benefit of quarter height

provides more ankle stability and restricting ankle motion

17

what type of throat has the lace come in at a narrow point which can restrict forefoot motion and makes it hard to get the foot in the shoe

BALMORAL throat

18

why do we prefer the BLUCHER throat

it is open at the laces
better accommodates to orthtotics, swelling or deformities

19

what to make sure a properly fitted shoe should have

ADEQUATE SPACING
shoe should be 1/2 inch longer than the longest toe
widest part should correspond with the widest part of the foot

20

when should you get your foot sized and why

in the afternoon; this is because your feet are 1/2 size smaller in the morning

21

what is a SACH

a solid ankle cushioned heel
it can reduce shock at heel strike and compensates for diminished ankle motion

22

what type of heel flare would a supinator benefit from

a lateral outflare; since they invert and roll their ankles more often

23

how does the thomas heel give more stability

it is externally applied on the bottom of the shoe to give more support in the heel

24

how much correction would there have to be for a heel lift to be built up OUTSIDE of the shoe

if they need more than 1/2 inch they would need the heel lift done out of the shoe

25

what is the difference between a fixed and flexible foot

a fixed foot can NOT be corrected and needs to be accomodated. We do this by bringing up the ground to the foot wherever side the gap is on with a wedge

a flexible foot can be corrected by adjusting the foot itself

26

when would you use a medial heel wedge

for a fixed hindfoot varus

27

when would you use a lateral heel wedge

for a fixed hindfoot valgus

28

what would you do for a flexible rearfoot varus deformity

have the person wear a lateral heel wedge

29

what would you do for someone with a fixed rearfoot valgus deformity

have them wear a lateral heel wedge

30

what would you do for someone with a flexible rearfoot valgus deformity

have them wear a medial heel wedge