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Flashcards in Shoes Deck (22)
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1

5 parts of the upper shoe

1. Vamp
2. Quarter
3. Tongue
4. Throat
5. Toe box

2

What do medial and lateral sole/heel flares do?

Medial sole/heel flare prevents eversion.
Lateral sole/heel flare prevents inversion.

3

What 2 things are heel lifts used for?

1. Pes equines deformity
2. Leg length discrepancy

4

Thomas vs reverse Thomas heel

Both are heel extensions.
Thomas heel = heel extends medially to provide medial longitudinal arch support.
Reverse Thomas heel = heel extends laterally to provide lateral longitudinal arch support

5

What is the widest part of the sole called? The narrowest part of the sole?

Widest = ball
Narrowest = shank

6

What's easier to make modifications to a shoe - rubber sole or leather sole?

Leather sole

7

Main Difference between Blucher and Bal style shoes

Blucher = quarters are not attached the vamp and remain open.
Bal = quarters attach to the vamp and lace stays meet in front and are stitched to the vamp

8

What do medial and lateral shank filllers do?

Support medial or lateral longitudinal arch

9

What internal shoe modification can be made to promote hindfoot inversion in someone with flexible pes planus?

Medial heel wedge

10

What kind of heel is flat with medial extensions and supports weak arches

Thomas heel

11

What internal shoe modification can be made to provide medial longitudinal arch support

Scaphoid pads/navicular pads

12

What kind of foot pain is a rocker bar used for?

Metatarsal pain

13

What internal modification to a shoe can you make for someone with heel pain due to calcaneal spur

Heel cushion-relief

14

Which type of Oxford shoe leaves more room for the entering foot?

The blucher style shoe

15

What kind of foot is UCBL used for?

Feet with flexible calcaneal or midtarsal joint deformities

16

What are the two types of the basic Oxford shoe

1. Blucher-style
2. Bal or Balmoral-style

17

What internal shoe modification can be made to help take pressure off cuboid in someone with flexible pes varus

Lateral wedge

18

What 2 shoe external modifications can be used to relieve pressure from metatarsal heads

Rocker bar and metatarsal bar

19

Most common biomechanics problem with runners

Pronated foot

20

Sole/heel wedge vs toe wedge

Sole/heel wedges promote forefoot eversion/inversion.
Toe wedges promote toeing-in/out

21

What internal shoe modification can be made for someone with hammer toes

Toe crest

22

What internal shoe modification can be made for someone to relieve pressure from metatarsal heads

Metatarsal pads