Flashcards in Shoes Deck (22)
5 parts of the upper shoe
5. Toe box
What do medial and lateral sole/heel flares do?
Medial sole/heel flare prevents eversion.
Lateral sole/heel flare prevents inversion.
What 2 things are heel lifts used for?
1. Pes equines deformity
2. Leg length discrepancy
Thomas vs reverse Thomas heel
Both are heel extensions.
Thomas heel = heel extends medially to provide medial longitudinal arch support.
Reverse Thomas heel = heel extends laterally to provide lateral longitudinal arch support
What is the widest part of the sole called? The narrowest part of the sole?
Widest = ball
Narrowest = shank
What's easier to make modifications to a shoe - rubber sole or leather sole?
Main Difference between Blucher and Bal style shoes
Blucher = quarters are not attached the vamp and remain open.
Bal = quarters attach to the vamp and lace stays meet in front and are stitched to the vamp
What do medial and lateral shank filllers do?
Support medial or lateral longitudinal arch
What internal shoe modification can be made to promote hindfoot inversion in someone with flexible pes planus?
Medial heel wedge
What kind of heel is flat with medial extensions and supports weak arches
What internal shoe modification can be made to provide medial longitudinal arch support
Scaphoid pads/navicular pads
What kind of foot pain is a rocker bar used for?
What internal modification to a shoe can you make for someone with heel pain due to calcaneal spur
Which type of Oxford shoe leaves more room for the entering foot?
The blucher style shoe
What kind of foot is UCBL used for?
Feet with flexible calcaneal or midtarsal joint deformities
What are the two types of the basic Oxford shoe
2. Bal or Balmoral-style
What internal shoe modification can be made to help take pressure off cuboid in someone with flexible pes varus
What 2 shoe external modifications can be used to relieve pressure from metatarsal heads
Rocker bar and metatarsal bar
Most common biomechanics problem with runners
Sole/heel wedge vs toe wedge
Sole/heel wedges promote forefoot eversion/inversion.
Toe wedges promote toeing-in/out
What internal shoe modification can be made for someone with hammer toes